Yagopavit Upanayana Pujan Samagri List(जनेऊ, यज्ञोपवीत (उपनयन संस्कार) सामग्री)

Yagopavit Upanayana, also known as the sacred thread ceremony, is a crucial samskara (sacrament) in Hindu culture. It marks the initiation of a young boy into the life of a Brahmachari (student), where he is introduced to the Gayatri Mantra and is committed to a disciplined, Vedic lifestyle.

This ceremony symbolizes the boy's second birth, where he is reborn into spiritual knowledge and responsibility. The term "Yagopavit" refers to the sacred thread worn by the initiate, and "Upanayana" means bringing near or initiation.

The ceremony is typically performed for boys between the ages of seven and sixteen, although it can be conducted later in life as well.

This guide provides a detailed overview of the Yagopavit Upanayana Puja, including the required samagri (materials), the step-by-step puja vidhi (procedure), and the profound benefits that this ancient ritual bestows upon the participant.

Yagopavit Upanayana Pujan Samagri List

सामग्री मात्रा
रोली 10 ग्राम
पीला सिंदूर 20 ग्राम
पीला अष्टगंध चंदन 10 ग्राम
लाल सिंदूर 20 ग्राम
हल्दी (पिसी) 50 ग्राम
हल्दी (समूची) 100 ग्राम
सुपाड़ी (समूची बड़ी) 100 ग्राम
लौंग 10 ग्राम
इलायची 10 ग्राम
सर्वौषधि 1 डिब्बी
सप्तमृत्तिका 1 डिब्बी
पीली सरसों 50 ग्राम
नवग्रह चावल 1 पैकेट
जनेऊ 25 पीस
इत्र 1 शीशी
गरी का गोला (सूखा) 3 पीस
जटादार सूखा नारियल 1 पीस
अक्षत (चावल) 2 किलो
धूपबत्ती 1 पैकेट
रुई की बत्ती (गोल / लंबी) 1-1 पै.
देशी घी 500 ग्राम
सरसों का तेल 500 ग्राम
कपूर 20 ग्राम
कलावा 5 पीस
चुनरी (लाल / पीली) 1/1 पीस
बताशा 500 ग्राम
रंग लाल 5 ग्राम
रंग पीला 5 ग्राम
रंग काला 5 ग्राम
रंग नारंगी 5 ग्राम
रंग हरा 5 ग्राम
रंग बैंगनी 5 ग्राम
लाल वस्त्र 1 मी.
पीला वस्त्र 1 मी.
सफेद वस्त्र 1 मी.
गंगा जल 1 शीशी
अबीर गुलाल (लाल, पीला, हरा, गुलाबी) अलग-अलग 10 ग्राम
बुक्का (अभ्रक) 10 ग्राम
दोना (छोटा – बड़ा) 1-1 पीस
माचिस 1 पीस
आम की लकड़ी 2 किलो
नवग्रह समिधा 1 पैकेट
हवन सामग्री 500 ग्राम
तिल 100 ग्राम
जौ (कलश गोठने हेतु) 100 ग्राम
गुड़ 500 ग्राम
कमलगट्टा 100 ग्राम
शहद 100 ग्राम
पंचमेवा 200 ग्राम
पंचरत्न व पंचधातु 1 डिब्बी


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Samagri From Home

सामग्री मात्रा
मिष्ठान 500 ग्राम
पान के पत्ते (समूचे) 21 पीस
केले के पत्ते 5 पीस
आम के पत्ते 2 डंठल
ऋतु फल 5 प्रकार के
दूब घास (तेल चढ़ाने हेतु) 100 ग्राम
फूल, हार (गुलाब) की 4 माला
फूल, हार (गेंदे) की 4 माला
गुलाब/गेंदा का खुला हुआ फूल 1 किलो
तुलसी की पत्ती 5 पीस
दूध 1 लीटर
दही 1 किलो
आटा 1 किलो
चीनी 500 ग्राम
अखंड दीपक (ढक्कन समेत) 1 पीस
तांबे/पीतल का कलश (ढक्कन समेत) 1 पीस
थाली 4 पीस
लोटे 2 पीस
कटोरी 4 पीस
चम्मच 2 पीस
परात 2 पीस
मिटटी के चूल्हे 2 पीस
उड़द की दाल भीगी (सिल पोहने हेतु) 500 ग्राम
कैंची/चाकू (लड़ी काटने हेतु) 1 पीस
जल (पूजन हेतु)
गाय का गोबर
कंडी (गाय के गोबर से निर्मित)
मिट्टी/बालू (खम्भ गाड़ने व वेदी निर्माण हेतु)
बिछाने का आसन
मिट्टी का कलश (बड़ा) 1 पीस
मिट्टी का कलश (छोटा) देव-पितृ निमंत्रण हेतु 4 पीस
मिट्टी का प्याला 8 पीस
मिट्टी की दियाली 8 पीस
ब्रह्मपूर्ण पात्र (अनाज से भरा पात्र आचार्य को देने हेतु) 1 पीस
हवन कुण्ड 1 पीस


Yagopavit Upanayana Puja Vidhi (Procedure)

The Yagopavit Upanayana Puja follows a detailed and structured ritual. Here’s a step-by-step guide to performing the ceremony:

Purification and Sankalpa:

  • Begin with the purification process by sprinkling holy water and invoking Lord Ganesha for an obstacle-free ceremony.
  • The priest or the boy’s father takes a vow (Sankalpa) to perform the Upanayana ceremony, stating the purpose and seeking blessings.

Vishesharghya and Achaman:

  • The boy is given holy water to sip (Achaman) to cleanse internally.
  • Perform Vishesharghya by offering water to the deities, symbolizing purity and devotion.

Preparation of Yajna Kund:

  • Set up the Yajna Kund (fire altar) with darbha grass and light the sacred fire.
  • Offer ghee, grains, and other offerings into the fire while chanting specific Vedic mantras.

Yagopavit Daan (Donation of Sacred Thread):

  • The priest blesses the sacred thread and places it on the boy's shoulder, symbolizing the transfer of spiritual knowledge.
  • The boy is taught the Gayatri Mantra, which he recites after the priest.

Vastra Daan (Donation of Clothes):

  • The boy receives new clothes (dhoti and angavastram), signifying his new status as a Brahmachari.
  • He changes into these clothes as a part of the ritual.

Bhojan (Offering Food):

  • A special meal is prepared and offered to the boy and the deities. This meal is considered sacred and is usually shared with family and friends.

Blessings and Ashirwad:

  • The boy seeks blessings from the elders, relatives, and the priest by touching their feet.
  • The elders offer their blessings and gifts, encouraging the boy in his new spiritual journey.

Samaropana (Conclusion):

  • The ceremony concludes with the final prayers and offerings.
  • The priest thanks the deities and seeks their continuous blessings on the boy’s spiritual path.

Benefits of Yagopavit Upanayana Puja

The Yagopavit Upanayana Puja is not just a ritualistic ceremony but a significant milestone in a Hindu boy’s life, conferring various spiritual and social benefits:

Spiritual Awakening:

  • The ceremony marks the beginning of the boy’s spiritual journey. By learning the Gayatri Mantra and other Vedic chants, he starts his path towards self-realization and divine consciousness.

Discipline and Responsibility:

  • The initiation into Brahmacharya signifies a life of discipline, learning, and responsibility. It instills values of dedication, hard work, and ethical living.

Connection with Tradition:

  • The ritual connects the boy with his cultural and religious roots, fostering a deep sense of belonging and identity.

Moral and Ethical Development:

  • Through the teachings imparted during the ceremony, the boy learns the importance of morality, ethics, and righteous living, which guides him throughout his life.

Social Recognition:

  • The boy is recognized by his community as a person who has taken the first step towards a life of wisdom and virtue. This recognition encourages him to uphold these values.

Blessings and Prosperity:

  • The blessings received during the ceremony are believed to bring prosperity, good fortune, and divine protection throughout the boy’s life.


The Yagopavit Upanayana Puja is a profound and meaningful ceremony in Hindu tradition, marking the spiritual rebirth of a boy into a disciplined and enlightened life.

By following the detailed puja vidhi and using the appropriate samagri, the ceremony not only honors ancient traditions but also imparts timeless values and blessings upon the initiate.

The benefits of this ceremony extend beyond the ritual itself, shaping the boy's character, spiritual growth, and social standing.

Embracing this sacred samskara ensures that the values of Vedic wisdom and cultural heritage continue to thrive in future generations.

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