Vivah Pujan Samagri List

The sacred ceremony of Vivah, or Hindu wedding, is an intricate affair filled with rituals that are both symbolic and spiritual. A crucial aspect of this celebration is the preparation of the Vivah Pujan Samagri, a collection of items essential for performing the wedding rituals.

Each item holds a specific significance and is used at particular times during the ceremony. This article provides a comprehensive list of the materials required for a traditional Hindu wedding ceremony.

Key Takeaways

  • The Vivah Pujan Samagri List is an extensive collection of items necessary for conducting a Hindu wedding ceremony.
  • Each item on the list such as Mangal Kalash, Haldi, and Kumkum has a special meaning and plays a unique role in the wedding rituals.
  • Natural elements like Akshata (rice), flowers, and Bael leaves are integral to the ceremony, symbolizing fertility, prosperity, and purity.
  • Consumable items like fruits, sweets, and Panchamrita are offered to deities and shared among participants, signifying blessings and communal sharing.
  • Sacred items such as Holy Water (Gangajal), Sacred Thread (Mauli), and Durva Grass are used to sanctify the wedding space and participants, ensuring a holy commencement of marriage.

1. Mangal Kalash

The Mangal Kalash is a vital component of the Vivah Pujan and symbolizes prosperity and auspiciousness. It is usually a copper pot filled with water, topped with a coconut, and adorned with mango leaves.

  • Fill the Kalash with water and place a betel nut, flower, a clean coin, and some rice grains inside.
  • Arrange five mango leaves in the mouth of the Kalash in a circular design.
  • Place a coconut on top of the Kalash, ensuring it is wrapped with a red cloth.
The Mangal Kalash is not just a ritualistic item but a representation of the universe and the divine presence within it.

During the ceremony, the Kalash is often placed near the altar, serving as a focal point for the rituals. It is important to handle the Kalash with care and reverence throughout the process.

2. Haldi (Turmeric)

Haldi, or turmeric, is a vibrant yellow spice that plays a crucial role in Indian weddings, particularly in the 'Haldi' ceremony where a paste of turmeric is applied to both the bride and groom as a blessing for good health and prosperity.

Turmeric is also used to create a sacred space by sprinkling it around the area where the wedding rituals will take place. Its antiseptic properties are believed to ward off evil spirits and ensure a safe and blessed environment for the couple.

  • Turmeric powder
  • Fresh turmeric roots
  • Turmeric paste
Turmeric symbolizes purity, fertility, and the sun's auspicious energy in Hindu traditions. Its use in the Vivah Pujan is integral to invoking these qualities during the marriage ceremony.

3. Kumkum

Kumkum is a quintessential element in Hindu rituals, especially in weddings. It is a red powder used for applying the auspicious tilak on the forehead of deities and participants.

  • Made from turmeric and lime
  • Symbolizes good fortune and is a mark of piety and sanctity
  • Often placed in a small plate or container during the ceremony
Kumkum holds a vital place in the Vivah Pujan and is used to invoke the blessings of the divine. Its presence on the puja thali embodies the essence of marital bliss and prosperity.

4. Akshata (Rice)

Akshata, or sanctified rice, is a crucial component in Hindu rituals, especially during a Vivah Pujan. These uncooked rice grains are mixed with turmeric powder, giving them a sacred significance and a yellow hue. They symbolize prosperity, fertility, and the well-being of the married couple.

During the ceremony, Akshata is offered to the deities and later showered upon the bride and groom as a form of blessings. It's important to prepare these rice grains with care and devotion.

The purity of Akshata is essential, as it represents the pure intentions and wishes of those who participate in the ceremony.

Ensure that the rice used is of good quality and has been cleaned properly before being mixed with turmeric. The quantity of Akshata prepared should be sufficient to be used throughout the various stages of the wedding ceremony.

5. Betel Leaves

Betel leaves, known as 'Paan ka Patta' in Hindi, hold a significant place in the rituals of Vivah Pujan. These heart-shaped leaves are not only used for their aesthetic appeal but also for their spiritual significance.

Betel leaves are considered auspicious and symbolize freshness and prosperity. They are commonly used to adorn the Mangal Kalash and are also offered to the deities during the ceremony.

  • Offered to guests as a mark of respect
  • Used to create a natural seat for idols
  • Integral in 'Aarti' rituals
Betel leaves are believed to purify the environment and bring in positive energy during the wedding rituals.

6. Betel Nuts

Betel nuts, known as 'Supari' in Hindi, are an essential component of the Vivah Pujan Samagri. These nuts are not only used as offerings to the deities but also play a significant role in various rituals during the wedding ceremony.

Betel nuts symbolize longevity and prosperity, and are often exchanged between the bride and groom as a token of mutual respect and goodwill. In some traditions, they are also used to invoke blessings from the elders.

  • Offered to deities during puja
  • Exchanged between bride and groom
  • Used to seek blessings from elders
Betel nuts are integral to the sacred rituals, representing the couple's commitment to sustain their marriage with strength and resilience.

7. Sandalwood Paste

Sandalwood paste is a crucial element in the Vivah Pujan, known for its fragrant aroma and cooling properties. It is commonly used to anoint the idols of deities and participants during the ceremony, symbolizing purity and sanctity.

  • The paste is prepared by grinding sandalwood with water on a grinding stone.
  • It is then applied on the forehead, neck, and chest of the bride and groom.
  • Sandalwood paste is also used to decorate the puja area and create a serene atmosphere.
Sandalwood's significance in the ritual underscores the importance of sensory elements in creating a devotional environment. Its use is not just ritualistic but also therapeutic, as it can calm the mind and cool the body.

Ensure you have a sufficient quantity of high-quality sandalwood to prepare the paste for the entire duration of the Vivah Pujan.

8. Incense Sticks

Incense sticks are an integral part of the Vivah Pujan, creating a serene environment conducive to worship. They are lit to purify the atmosphere and as an offering to the deities. The fragrance of the incense is believed to attract positive energies and facilitate a spiritual connection.

The selection of incense sticks should be done with care, considering the preferences for natural and mild fragrances that will not overpower the senses during the puja.

Different types of incense sticks may be used for various rituals within the marriage ceremony. It is common to use specific scents associated with love and commitment, such as rose or jasmine, to enhance the sanctity of the matrimonial bond.

9. Camphor

Camphor, known for its strong fragrance and ability to purify the environment, is a crucial element in the Vivah Pujan Samagri List. It is used during the Aarti ceremony and is believed to ward off negative energies.

  • Camphor is lit at the end of the Puja to perform the Aarti.
  • It is also used in various rituals to signify the presence of divine consciousness.
Camphor's role extends beyond its aromatic properties; it symbolizes the burning of the individual ego, promoting humility and devotion.

The use of camphor is not limited to weddings; it is also integral to ceremonies like the Navagraha Puja and Vastu Puja, which are performed to ensure harmony and prosperity in a new home.

10. Flowers

Flowers hold a special place in Hindu rituals, and a Vivah Pujan is no exception. They symbolize beauty, purity, and good fortune, and are essential for decorating the venue and the deities. Different flowers have different significances, and a variety of blooms are used to ensure a colorful and vibrant setting.

  • Marigolds are often chosen for their bright orange and yellow hues, representing the sun's energy.
  • Roses are used for their fragrance and beauty, signifying love and passion.
  • Jasmine is selected for its delicate scent and is associated with prosperity.
  • Lotus, considered a sacred flower, symbolizes purity and enlightenment.
The selection of flowers for the Vivah Pujan should be done with care, as they are not just decorative elements but also carry deep spiritual meanings.

It's important to consult with the priest or a knowledgeable person to choose the right flowers that align with the auspiciousness of the occasion. The freshness of the flowers is paramount, as they are a key offering to the deities and are used in various rituals throughout the ceremony.

11. Fruits

Fruits play a significant role in Vivah Pujan, symbolizing fertility, prosperity, and abundance. Offer a variety of seasonal fruits to ensure the blessings of nature are well represented during the ceremony.

  • Mangoes
  • Bananas
  • Apples
  • Oranges
  • Pomegranates

Each fruit carries a specific significance and adds to the auspiciousness of the occasion. For instance, mangoes are considered the fruit of love, while bananas are known for their sacredness in many rituals.

It is essential to select fresh and ripe fruits, as they are a direct offering to the deities. The quality of the fruits reflects the sincerity of the offerings and the respect towards the divine.

Remember to wash the fruits thoroughly and arrange them neatly in a basket or on a platter. The presentation of the fruits is as important as their selection, embodying the care and attention given to the ritual.

12. Sweets

Sweets are an indispensable part of any Indian wedding, symbolizing a sweet start to the new beginnings. Offering sweets during the Vivah Pujan is a gesture of hospitality and joy. They are distributed to guests as a form of blessing from the newlyweds.

  • Laddu
  • Barfi
  • Jalebi
  • Rasgulla
  • Kaju Katli

These are just a few examples of sweets that are commonly included in the Vivah Pujan Samagri list. Each sweet has its own significance and is chosen based on regional preferences and family traditions.

Ensure that the sweets are prepared in a hygienic environment and are fresh to maintain the sanctity of the occasion.

13. Coconuts

Coconuts hold a special place in Hindu rituals and are considered a symbol of prosperity and purity. The presence of coconuts in Vivah Pujan is essential, as they represent the divine consciousness and are offered to deities during the ceremony.

Coconuts are often broken before the sacred fire as a part of the ritual, symbolizing the breaking of the ego and the emergence of a purer, inner self.

In the context of a wedding, coconuts are used in various rituals, from being part of the Mangal Kalash to being offered in the homa (sacred fire). They are also exchanged between families as a sign of goodwill and are sometimes used to adorn the mandap (wedding canopy).

14. Panchamrita

Panchamrita is a sacred mixture used in Hindu worship and rituals, particularly during the Vivah Pujan, or wedding ceremony. It is a combination of five ingredients, each with its own significance and purifying properties.

The five components of Panchamrita include:

  • Milk, symbolizing purity and piousness.
  • Yogurt, for prosperity and progeny.
  • Ghee, representing victory and nourishment.
  • Honey, for sweetness in speech and relationships.
  • Sugar, to sweeten the life and experiences of the couple.
Panchamrita is not only offered to the deities during the puja but also consumed by the devotees, as it is believed to imbue the essence of the divine and purify the soul.

Preparing Panchamrita is a simple yet essential part of the Vivah Pujan. It is often mixed in a specific sequence and with proper mantras to maximize its spiritual benefits. The mixture is then used in the Abhisheka, the ritual bathing of the deity, and later distributed among the participants as a holy offering.

15. Milk

Milk holds a sacred place in Hindu rituals, symbolizing purity and abundance. It is an essential offering to deities during the Vivah Pujan and is used in various ceremonies throughout the wedding.

Milk is often mixed with other ingredients to create Panchamrita, a divine mixture used for purification and blessings. The Panchamrita is distributed among the attendees as a form of prasad, signifying the sharing of divine blessings.

  • Pure cow's milk is preferred for the rituals.
  • Ensure that the milk is fresh and unboiled.
  • Quantity may vary depending on the specific rituals and the number of attendees.
Milk's significance extends beyond its ritualistic use, as it also nourishes the body and soul, embodying the nurturing aspect of life.

16. Yogurt

Yogurt is an essential component in the Vivah Pujan, symbolizing prosperity and fertility. It is used in various rituals during the ceremony, including the Panchamrita, a sacred mixture given to the deities.

  • Yogurt is mixed with honey, sugar, milk, and ghee to create the Panchamrita.
  • It is believed to purify and sanctify the offerings.
  • The presence of yogurt in the Pujan materials signifies a prayer for a prosperous and healthy life for the couple.
Yogurt's cooling properties are said to balance the body and spirit, making it a vital element in the ceremony. The inclusion of yogurt in the Vivah Pujan is a testament to its revered status in Hindu rituals.

17. Ghee

Ghee, or clarified butter, is a staple in traditional Indian ceremonies and holds a significant place in Vivah Pujan. It symbolizes purity and is used to fuel the sacred fire during the wedding rituals.

In the context of a marriage ceremony, ghee is not only used for the ceremonial fire but also in the preparation of Prasad, the sacred food that is distributed after the puja. It's important to use pure, unscented ghee for the rituals to ensure the sanctity of the offerings.

Ghee is also offered to the deities during the puja and is believed to please them, bringing blessings to the newlyweds.

When preparing for the Vivah Pujan, ensure you have a sufficient quantity of ghee, as it is used generously throughout the ceremony. Alongside ghee, prepare offerings like yellow flowers, fruits, and sweets, and use ritualistic items like Kalash and Betel Leaves. Chanting mantras for Guru Graha Puja is also integral to the ceremony.

18. Honey

Honey is a natural sweetener that's not only essential for its taste but also for its symbolic significance in Hindu rituals. It represents sweetness and happiness in life, which is why it's included in the Vivah Pujan Samagri List.

In the context of a wedding ceremony, honey is used in various rituals. It is often mixed with other ingredients like milk and yogurt to create Panchamrita, which is used for purifying and sanctifying the ceremonial area.

Honey's natural antiseptic properties also make it a valuable addition to the ritual, ensuring the purity of the offerings.

The page describes concluding rituals of a Homam including Poornahuti, Aarti, Upachara, Deeparadhana, Prasadam Distribution, and Visarjan. Blessings are sought at the end, and honey plays a role in these rituals, symbolizing the sweet beginnings of the couple's new journey together.

19. Sugar

Sugar is an essential element in the Vivah Pujan Samagri List, symbolizing sweetness and happiness in the new journey of the married couple. It is offered to the deities during the ceremony, with the hope that the sweetness will permeate the couple's future life together.

Sugar is used in various rituals and offerings, particularly in the preparation of prasad, which is the sacred food distributed after the puja. The use of sugar in the ceremony is deeply symbolic, representing the wish for a life filled with joy and sweet moments.

Sugar's role in the Vivah Pujan is not just ceremonial but also cultural. It reflects the importance of sharing joyous occasions with sweetness, much like during festivals such as Makar Sankranti.

In addition to its symbolic significance, sugar is also a practical necessity for any puja. It is often mixed with other ingredients to create offerings and sweets that are integral to the celebration.

20. Holy Water (Gangajal)

Gangajal, or holy water from the Ganges, is considered one of the most purifying and sanctifying elements in Hindu rituals. It is a vital component of the Vivah Pujan, used for purifying the premises and the participants.

Gangajal is believed to bestow spiritual cleanliness and is often used to consecrate the space where the wedding ceremony will take place.

During the ceremony, Gangajal may be sprinkled or poured over various items to imbue them with its sacred properties. It is also used in the preparation of offerings and for anointing the bride and groom. The use of Gangajal signifies the invocation of divine blessings and the presence of the holy river Ganga.

21. Sacred Thread (Mauli)

The Sacred Thread (Mauli) is an integral part of many Hindu rituals, including the Vivah Pujan. It is tied around the wrist of the participants to signify protection and the blessings of the deities. During the Vivah Pujan, the Mauli serves as a reminder of the sacred bond of marriage and the commitment the couple is making.

The Mauli is not just a piece of thread; it embodies the prayers and blessings for a happy and prosperous married life.

Typically, the Mauli is a red and yellow thread, colors that are considered auspicious in Hindu traditions. It is often sanctified with mantras by the priest before being distributed to those present at the ceremony.

22. Durva Grass

Durva Grass holds a significant place in Hindu rituals, especially during Purnima Puja and other auspicious ceremonies. It is believed to attract positive energies and is used to adorn deities. Durva Grass is offered in small bunches, each consisting of three strands, which symbolize prosperity, fertility, and purity.

Durva Grass is not just a ritualistic element; it also has medicinal properties that are recognized in Ayurveda.

For the Purnima Puja, the grass is meticulously selected and cleansed before being placed on the altar. The grass must be fresh and green, ensuring its vitality and suitability for the rituals. The use of Durva Grass is a testament to the intricate connection between nature and spiritual practices in Hinduism.

23. Bael Leaves

Bael leaves, also known as Bilva Patra, hold immense significance in Hindu rituals, especially in the worship of Lord Shiva. They are considered auspicious and are believed to absolve one from sins when offered during pujas.

During the Shravan Month, offering Bael leaves to Shiva is highly meritorious. This period is marked by heightened religious fervor, with devotees seeking blessings for purity, prosperity, and devotion. The act of offering Bael leaves is not just a ritualistic practice but also a means to deepen one's spiritual connection.

Bael leaves are often offered in sets of three, symbolizing the three eyes of Lord Shiva. This trinity represents the aspects of creation, preservation, and destruction, embodying the cycle of life.

It is important to select fresh and unblemished Bael leaves for the puja. The leaves should be washed and offered with the stalk facing the deity, as a sign of respect and humility.

24. Diya (Oil Lamps)

Diya, or oil lamps, are a quintessential element of Vivah Pujan and hold a deep spiritual significance. They are believed to invite positivity and divine presence into the ceremony.

Diya should be lit with pure ghee or oil to ensure the purity of the ritual. The light from the Diya represents knowledge and consciousness, dispelling ignorance and darkness from our lives.

  • Place the Diya on a clean and sanctified surface.
  • Light it using a cotton wick.
  • Position the Diya in the east direction for optimal spiritual benefits.
The glow of the Diya is symbolic of the inner light that protects us from spiritual darkness. It is a beacon of hope and faith during the Vivah Pujan.

Ensure you have a sufficient number of Diyas to maintain a continuous flame throughout the ceremony. The flickering light is not just a visual delight but also an embodiment of the cosmic energy.

25. Cotton Wicks and more

In addition to cotton wicks, a comprehensive Vivah Pujan Samagri list includes a variety of other items that are essential for a traditional Hindu wedding ceremony. These items are used to perform various rituals and poojas that are integral to the wedding festivities.

Essential items that are often included in the list are:

  • Matchbox or lighter for igniting the Diya
  • A new cloth or handkerchief for covering the Kalash
  • A small spoon or Achamani for the Panchamrita ritual
  • A plate or Thali for arranging the offerings
It is important to ensure that all items are pure and have not been used for any other purposes to maintain the sanctity of the ceremony.

Each item holds its own significance and contributes to the solemnity and beauty of the marriage ceremony. It is advisable to consult with a priest or an elder to confirm the complete list of items required for your specific traditions and rituals.


In conclusion, preparing for a Vivah Pujan involves meticulous planning and gathering of various items that hold significant religious and cultural importance. The Samagri list provided in this article serves as a comprehensive guide to ensure that all necessary elements are present to perform the ceremony with utmost sanctity and devotion.

It is essential to source these items from reputable vendors to maintain the purity of the rituals. Remember that the essence of the Vivah Pujan lies in the union of two souls, and the Samagri plays a crucial role in honoring and celebrating this sacred bond.

May your wedding ceremony be blessed and enriched by the divine presence invoked through these sacred offerings.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the significance of Mangal Kalash in Vivah Pujan?

The Mangal Kalash symbolizes prosperity and good fortune. It is often filled with water and topped with a coconut and mango leaves, representing the deity's presence during the ceremony.

Why is Haldi (Turmeric) used in wedding ceremonies?

Haldi is considered auspicious and purifying in Hindu traditions. It is used in the Haldi ceremony before the wedding to bless the couple and protect them from evil influences.

How is Kumkum used in Vivah Pujan?

Kumkum, made from turmeric and lime, symbolizes good fortune and is applied on the forehead of the bride and groom during the wedding rituals.

What does Akshata (Rice) represent in Hindu weddings?

Akshata, or sanctified rice, is used to bless the couple. It is thrown over the bride and groom by the attendees as a form of blessings for prosperity and fertility.

Are Betel Leaves and Betel Nuts necessary in Vivah Pujan?

Yes, betel leaves and nuts are considered symbols of freshness and longevity. They are offered during the rituals to invoke blessings and as a mark of respect to the deities and elders.

What is Panchamrita and how is it used in weddings?

Panchamrita is a mixture of five ingredients: milk, yogurt, ghee, honey, and sugar. It is used in Hindu rituals for purification and is offered to the deities during the puja.

Back to blog