Vijaya Ekadashi Vrat 2024: Date, Fasting and Parana time

Vijaya Ekadashi, a significant day in the Hindu calendar, is dedicated to Lord Vishnu and observed with a strict fast and various religious practices.

In 2024, this auspicious occasion falls on March 7th, with the tithi commencing on March 6th and concluding on the day of Ekadashi itself. Devotees engage in fasting, puja, and charity to honor Lord Vishnu and seek spiritual elevation.

This article provides insights into the date, fasting procedure, parana time, and the spiritual significance associated with Vijaya Ekadashi Vrat in 2024.

Key Takeaways

  • Vijaya Ekadashi in 2024 is on March 7th, with the tithi beginning at 06:30 AM on March 6th and ending at 04:13 AM on March 7th.
  • The parana time, the period during which the fast should be broken, is between 06:38 AM and 10:34 AM on March 8th.
  • Observing the fast and performing the prescribed rituals on Vijaya Ekadashi can bestow prosperity and victory in life, as well as spiritual benefits.
  • The rituals include pre-vrat preparations, fasting practices, and post-fast rituals, which are to be conducted with devotion and adherence to guidelines.
  • Understanding the spiritual significance of Vijaya Ekadashi through its story and the benefits it offers can enhance the devotee's experience and faith.

Understanding Vijaya Ekadashi: Date and Timings

Significance of Vijaya Ekadashi

Vijaya Ekadashi is a day imbued with profound spiritual importance, observed on the eleventh day of the Krishna Paksha in the Hindu calendar month of Phalguna.

It symbolizes the triumph of virtue over vice, offering devotees a chance to secure prosperity and victory in life. The fast undertaken on this day is believed to confer blessings that extend beyond the present life, ensuring success in future incarnations as well.

The observance of Vijaya Ekadashi involves a strict fast from sunrise to sunrise the following day, known as Dwadashi. This period of abstinence is seen as a golden opportunity for spiritual growth and self-reflection.

Devotees engage in worship, chanting mantras, and offering bhog prasad to Lord Vishnu, the preserver of the universe, to seek his divine favor.

The essence of Vijaya Ekadashi lies in its ability to facilitate a deeper connection with the divine, cleansing the soul and leading the devotee on a path to salvation.

Tithi Commencement and Conclusion

Vijaya Ekadashi is a significant day in the Hindu calendar, marked by a 24-hour fasting period that begins with the local sunrise and concludes after the next day's sunrise.

The Tithi, or lunar day, specific to Ekadashi can start at any time during the day and often spans two days. However, for the purpose of fasting, the day when the majority of the Tithi falls is chosen.

Observers can break their fast during the Parana time, which is the time after sunrise on the next day when the fast should be concluded. 

It is important to note that the commencement of the Tithi is not the starting point for the fast. Instead, the fast should be observed from sunrise to sunrise, aligning with the traditional practices and local timings.

Different types of fasting, such as Nirjala, Phalahar, and Saatvik, are observed during auspicious times, with rules including a vegetarian diet and no alcohol. While these practices are not specific to Ekadashi, they reflect the discipline and devotion of the observers.

Parana Time and Guidelines

The auspicious Parana time for Vijaya Ekadashi in 2024 is a crucial aspect of the fasting ritual. It is the period during which devotees break their fast, and it must be done with precision to ensure the fast's spiritual efficacy.

Parana should not be done during Hari Vasara, which is the first quarter of the Dwadashi Tithi. Instead, the most favorable time to conclude the fast is during Pratahkal, the morning hours.

For Vijaya Ekadashi in 2024, the Parana time is as follows:

  • Begins: March 7, 2024 - 01:09 PM
  • Ends: March 7, 2024 - 03:31 PM

If for any reason, a devotee is unable to break the fast during Pratahkal, it is recommended to do so after Madhyahna, the midday period. However, it is best to avoid ending the fast during Madhyahna if possible.

Remember, the exact Parana time may vary based on your location, so it is advisable to consult the local Panchang or a spiritual authority to determine the precise timings.

The Rituals of Vijaya Ekadashi Vrat

Pre-Vrat Preparations

The preparations for Vijaya Ekadashi Vrat begin with purifying oneself and the surroundings. Wake up early in the morning and take a holy bath, setting the tone for a day dedicated to devotion and spirituality.

Cleanliness is paramount; therefore, ensure that the house, especially the puja room, is spotless before setting up the altar.

The altar should be adorned with an idol of Lord Vishnu and Shree Yantra, symbolizing Goddess Lakshmi.

Light a diya with desi ghee to invoke auspiciousness and offer flowers and homemade sweets as a sign of your devotion. The day is spent in spiritual activities, including chanting mantras such as 'Om Namo Bhagvate Vasudevaye' and the Vishnu Maha Mantra, each 108 times.

It is essential to recite the Ekadashi Vrat Katha, as it encapsulates the essence of the fast and its purpose. The evening is reserved for performing puja to Lord Vishnu, culminating the day's preparations and leading into the night of observance.

Fasting Procedure and Practices

The fasting procedure for Vijaya Ekadashi is a deeply personal practice, allowing devotees to choose their level of austerity based on their capacity and devotion. The fast can range from complete abstention from food and water to a more lenient practice involving consumption of fruits or a single meal before sunset.

  • Complete fast without water (Nirjala)
  • Fast with only water
  • Fast with only fruits (Phalahari)
  • Single meal in the evening (Naktabhoji)

For those observing Naktabhoji, the meal typically excludes grains and beans, with common foods being Sabudana, Singhada, Shakarkandi, Potatoes, and Groundnuts. It is important to note that items like Kuttu Atta and Samak are often debated and may be best avoided.

Fasting on Vijaya Ekadashi is not just about physical abstinence but also involves purity of thoughts and a focus on spiritual practices such as chanting mantras and meditation. This holistic approach aids in spiritual purification and brings the devotee closer to Lord Vishnu.

Post-Fast Rituals and Parana

The completion of the Vijaya Ekadashi fast is marked by the Parana, a ritual that signifies the breaking of the fast. It is a critical step that should be performed with care to ensure the fast's spiritual benefits are fully received. Parana should be done after sunrise on the day following Ekadashi, within the Dwadashi Tithi.

Parana is not just a formality but a disciplined return to the regular diet, respecting the sanctity of the fast and the body's needs.

Adhering to the correct Parana time is crucial, as it is believed that breaking the fast at the wrong time can diminish the fast's efficacy. The table below outlines the Parana time for Vijaya Ekadashi in 2024:

Event Date & Time
Ekadashi Ends March 21, 2024 - 02:22 AM
Parana Time March 21, 2024 - 01:41 PM to 04:07 PM
Hari Vasara End Moment March 21, 2024 - 08:58 AM

It is advised to avoid performing Parana during Hari Vasara, the first quarter of Dwadashi Tithi, and to prefer the time after it concludes. If Pratahkal (morning) is missed for Parana, it should ideally be done after Madhyahna (midday).

Spiritual Significance and Benefits

The Story Behind Vijaya Ekadashi

Vijaya Ekadashi is a day imbued with the promise of triumph and spiritual ascension. It is celebrated on the eleventh day of the waning moon in the month of Phalguna, typically falling in February or March.

The term 'Vijaya' translates to 'victory', symbolizing the success one can achieve in life and beyond by observing this sacred fast with devotion and adherence to the prescribed rituals.

The observance of Vijaya Ekadashi is deeply rooted in the Hindu tradition of fasting for spiritual purification and enlightenment.

Devotees engage in a day-long fast, abstaining from food and water from sunrise on Ekadashi to sunrise on Dwadashi, the following day. This practice is believed to cleanse the soul and bring the devotee closer to the divine.

The fast of Vijaya Ekadashi is not just a physical abstention but a journey towards inner peace and moral victory over life's adversities.

By participating in the Vijaya Ekadashi Vrat, devotees honor Lord Vishnu, the preserver of the universe, and seek his blessings for prosperity and salvation. The fast is a testament to one's faith and the power of spiritual discipline in achieving life's ultimate goals.

Spiritual Gains and Merits

Observing Vijaya Ekadashi is not just a ritualistic practice but a spiritual journey that leads to inner purification and moral elevation.

Devotees who engage in the vrat (fast) with sincerity are believed to receive divine grace, which aids in overcoming obstacles and achieving success in various aspects of life.

  • Spiritual purification: Fasting on Vijaya Ekadashi is said to cleanse the soul and mind, leading to greater clarity and peace.
  • Moral elevation: The discipline and self-control required during the fast foster virtues such as patience, humility, and compassion.
  • Divine grace: Sincere observance of the vrat is believed to invoke blessings that help in surmounting life's challenges.
  • Success in endeavors: The merits gained from the fast are thought to contribute to success in personal and professional pursuits.
The essence of Vijaya Ekadashi lies in the transformative power it holds to enrich the spiritual lives of devotees, guiding them towards a path of righteousness and fulfillment.

Impact on Devotees' Lives

The observance of Vijaya Ekadashi and associated rituals profoundly impacts devotees' lives, fostering a sense of spiritual renewal and commitment to dharma.

Devotees experience a deep cleansing of the soul, as they engage in selfless acts of charity and piety, resonating with the spirit of Chaitra Navratri, a time for spiritual renewal.

The practice of fasting and engaging in night-long vigils, especially during auspicious times such as Phalguna Amavasya, is believed to bring divine blessings and purify the soul. Immersing in the holy rivers during this period is symbolic of washing away past sins and embarking on a new spiritual path.

Devotees also find solace in the collective expression of devotion, as they come together to observe the vrat and participate in the rituals. This communal aspect not only strengthens their faith but also creates a supportive environment for spiritual growth.

Ekadashi Puja Vidhi: A Step-by-Step Guide

Morning Rituals and Holy Bath

The day of Vijaya Ekadashi begins with the devotee waking up before dawn to undertake a holy bath, symbolizing spiritual purification. This act is considered a crucial step in preparing oneself for the sacred observances of the day.

Following the bath, the devotee is to clean the house, especially the puja room, to create a serene environment for worship. An altar is then set up with an idol of Lord Vishnu and Shree Yantra, representing Goddess Lakshmi, to facilitate the day's prayers and rituals.

It is essential to light a diya with desi ghee and adorn the idols with fresh flowers, setting a tone of reverence and devotion for the day's practices.

The morning rituals culminate with the chanting of mantras such as 'Om Namo Bhagvate Vasudevaye' and the Vishnu Maha Mantra, typically recited 108 times to invoke the deity's blessings.

Mantra Chanting and Aarti

After the morning rituals and holy bath, devotees engage in mantra chanting to invoke the divine presence of Lord Vishnu. Chanting the sacred 'Om Namo Bhagvate Vasudevaye' and the Vishnu Maha Mantra 108 times is a pivotal part of the puja. This repetition is believed to enhance spiritual connection and focus.

The Ekadashi Vrat Katha, a narrative of the vrat's significance, is recited, followed by the performance of the aarti, an act of devotion and reverence. The day is spent in continuous mantra chanting, which resonates with the divine energy and maintains the sanctity of the fast.

In the evening, a second puja to Lord Vishnu is conducted, reaffirming the devotee's dedication. The fast is traditionally broken the next day, on Dwadashi Tithi.

However, for those who cannot bear hunger, a sattvik meal is permissible on the day of Ekadashi itself, avoiding rice and including foods like kuttu ki poori and aaloo ki sabzi without turmeric, fruits, and milk products.

Offerings and Charity

On the auspicious day of Vijaya Ekadashi, offerings and acts of charity are considered highly meritorious. Devotees often donate food, clothes, and other essentials to the needy, embodying the spirit of selflessness and compassion. This practice is believed to purify the soul and bring spiritual upliftment.

Engaging in charitable deeds on this day is a manifestation of the devotee's commitment to spiritual growth and communal harmony.

The act of giving is not limited to material possessions; many also offer red flowers and chant mantras as a form of devotion to Lord Vishnu.

The mantra 'Om Suryaye Namah' is particularly significant, invoking the sun god's blessings. Observing fasts for the well-being and good health of oneself and others is another common practice, further enhancing the day's sanctity.


Vijaya Ekadashi, observed on the 7th of March 2024, is a day of great spiritual significance in the Hindu calendar, marking a time for devotion and introspection.

As we have explored in this article, the precise timings for the commencement and conclusion of the fast, as well as the Parana time, are crucial for devotees seeking to honor this auspicious day with traditional rituals and mantras.

Observing the fast from 06:30 AM on the 6th of March until 04:13 AM on the 7th of March, and breaking it during the Parana time between 06:38 AM and 10:34 AM on the 8th of March, adherents pay homage to Lord Vishnu, seeking prosperity, victory, and spiritual liberation.

May this guide serve as a helpful companion to all those who observe Vijaya Ekadashi, aiding in the fulfillment of their devotional practices.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the date of Vijaya Ekadashi in 2024?

Vijaya Ekadashi in 2024 will be observed on Thursday, 7th March.

When does the Vijaya Ekadashi Tithi begin and end in 2024?

The Vijaya Ekadashi Tithi begins at 06:30 AM on 6th March 2024 and ends at 04:13 AM on 7th March 2024.

What is the Parana time for Vijaya Ekadashi in 2024?

The Parana time for Vijaya Ekadashi in 2024 is from 06:38 AM to 10:34 AM on 8th March.

Why is Vijaya Ekadashi observed?

Vijaya Ekadashi is observed for prosperity and victory in life. It is believed that fasting on this day with the prescribed rites brings spiritual benefits and success in both this life and beyond.

What are the rituals involved in observing Vijaya Ekadashi Vrat?

The rituals include pre-vrat preparations, fasting from sunrise to the next day's sunrise, performing morning rituals, mantra chanting, aarti, and finally breaking the fast (Parana) at the prescribed time.

Can the fast be broken at any time during Dwadashi?

No, the fast should not be broken during Hari Vasara, which is the first one-fourth duration of Dwadashi Tithi. The most preferred time for Parana is Pratahkal.

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