Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat 2024

Sankashti Chaturthi, a significant observance in Hinduism dedicated to Lord Ganesha, is celebrated with great devotion and fervor. The vrat (fast) is believed to bring prosperity, peace, and the removal of obstacles when observed with full faith and proper rituals.

The year 2024 marks this auspicious occasion with special significance, as devotees prepare to observe the vrat with traditional customs and seek the blessings of the deity. This article explores the various aspects of the Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat, delving into its history, rituals, and cultural impact.

Key Takeaways

  • Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat is a revered Hindu fasting day dedicated to Lord Ganesha, observed with the belief that it brings prosperity and removes obstacles.
  • The proper date for observing the vrat in 2024 is confirmed to be on February 28, aligning with the lunar calendar and the end of the Chaturthi tithi.
  • Devotees engage in a series of rituals including fasting, puja (worship), and reciting the Vrat Katha, a narrative that underscores the significance of the observance.
  • Auspicious timings (Shubh Muhurat) and remedial measures (Upay) are carefully considered to maximize the blessings received from the deity.
  • Sankashti Chaturthi's cultural impact is widespread, with regional variations in celebrations and community gatherings that highlight its relevance in modern times.

Understanding Sankashti Chaturthi

Understanding Sankashti Chaturthi

The Significance of Sankashti Chaturthi

Sankashti Chaturthi is a revered observance in Hinduism dedicated to Lord Ganesha, the deity known for removing obstacles and bestowing wisdom. It is believed that fasting and performing puja on this day can bring prosperity and peace to one's family. Devotees observe this vrat with deep faith, hoping to receive the blessings of Lord Ganesha for all-round success and the resolution of hardships.

The vrat is observed every lunar month on the fourth day after the full moon, known as the Krishna Paksha Chaturthi. This day is considered especially auspicious for the worship of Lord Ganesha.

The practice of Sankashti Chaturthi involves various rituals, which are said to have the power to enhance one's life by attracting positive energies and repelling negative influences. The cultural importance of this observance is immense, as it symbolizes the human endeavor to overcome life's challenges through divine grace.

The Legend Behind the Observance

The observance of Sankashti Chaturthi is deeply rooted in Hindu mythology and revolves around the worship of Lord Ganesha, the deity known for removing obstacles and bringing wisdom. According to legend, observing the vrat (fast) on this day can bring the devotee the blessings of Lord Ganesha. The vrat is particularly significant when it falls on a Tuesday, known as Angarki Chaturthi, which is considered highly auspicious.

On Sankashti Chaturthi, devotees recount the tales of Lord Ganesha's divine plays and miracles, which reinforce the faith and devotion of the worshippers. These stories are not just mythological anecdotes; they serve as moral lessons and spiritual guidance for the followers.

The vrat involves various rituals, including the sighting of the moon, which is an essential part of the evening worship.

The fast is broken only after the moon is sighted and prayers are offered to the moon as well. This practice symbolizes the end of darkness and the emergence of light, signifying knowledge and truth.

Dwijapriya Sankashti Chaturthi: A Special Occurrence

Dwijapriya Sankashti Chaturthi, observed during the waning phase of the moon in the month of Phalguna, is a veneration of Lord Ganesha that holds a unique place among the various observances.

It is believed that any venture initiated on this day after proper worship of Lord Ganesha is bound to succeed, and obstacles in one's path are removed. This makes the vrat (fast) particularly auspicious and fruitful.

The meticulous worship of Lord Ganesha on Dwijapriya Sankashti Chaturthi is said to bestow knowledge and prosperity, while also granting the boons of Riddhi-Siddhi, the goddesses of success and prosperity.

The following are key aspects associated with this special occurrence:

  • Worship of Lord Ganesha and the moon
  • Observance of a strict fast
  • Recitation of specific mantras and prayers
  • Performance of puja with proper rituals

The date for Dwijapriya Sankashti Chaturthi in 2024 falls on the 28th of February, marking a day of deep religious significance and the opportunity for devotees to seek the divine blessings of Lord Ganesha.

Rituals and Traditions

Determining the Correct Date for Vrat

Determining the correct date for observing the Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat is crucial for the fulfillment of the fast and the associated rituals. The vrat should be observed on the fourth day of the waning moon phase, which is known as Krishna Paksha in the Hindu lunar calendar.

For the year 2024, there was some initial confusion about whether the vrat would fall on February 27th or 28th. However, it has been clarified that the vrat is to be observed on February 28th, 2024.

The precise timing for the commencement of the Chaturthi Tithi is at 1:53 AM on February 28th, and it ends at 4:18 AM on February 29th. As per tradition, the vrat is to be kept on the day when the Chaturthi Tithi is prevalent at moonrise, which in this case is February 28th.

It is important to note that the Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat is observed every lunar month on the fourth day after the full moon. However, the Dwijapriya Sankashti Chaturthi, which is considered especially auspicious, falls in the month of February.

Adherents should ensure they follow the local panchang or consult a priest to confirm the exact timings as they can vary slightly depending on the geographical location.

Puja Vidhi: Steps for Worship

The Puja Vidhi for Sankashti Chaturthi involves a series of steps that are performed with devotion and attention to detail. Early in the morning, devotees wake up, bathe, and don clean clothes. Offering Arghya to Suryadev is a crucial step that signifies the beginning of the day's rituals.

Setting up the altar is an essential part of the Puja Vidhi. It should include a statue or image of Lord Ganesha, and items such as Gangajal, sindoor, flowers, rice, durva grass, prasad, and a lamp should be collected and placed neatly.

The worship begins with the invocation of Lord Ganesha, followed by the offering of these items. Chanting of mantras such as 'Om Gam Ganapataye Namah' is considered highly auspicious.

The Puja culminates with the performance of the Aarti, 'Jai Ganesh Jai Ganesh, Jai Ganesh Deva', which is sung with fervor by the gathered devotees. After the Aarti, devotees offer flowers at the feet of Lord Ganesha as a mark of their reverence and devotion.

Fasting Rules and Dietary Restrictions

The practice of Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat involves observing a fast with devotion and adherence to certain dietary restrictions.

The fast begins at sunrise and is broken only after the evening worship and sighting of the moon. Devotees typically consume a single meal during the day, which is usually taken after the moonrise and puja rituals.

During the fast, individuals refrain from eating meat, onions, garlic, and wheat products. Instead, they consume fruits, vegetables, and root tubers. Milk and dairy products are also permissible.

The consumption of alcohol is strictly prohibited during the fast. It is believed that following these dietary guidelines helps in purifying the mind, body, and soul, and is essential for seeking the blessings of Lord Ganesha.

The essence of Sankashti Chaturthi fasting lies not just in physical abstinence but in the spiritual elevation it offers. By observing the fast with sincerity, one can enhance their focus on spiritual goals and invoke the divine grace of Lord Ganesha.

Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat Katha

Narrative of the Vrat Katha

The Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat Katha is an integral narrative that devotees recite during the fasting day. It encapsulates the essence of the vrat (fast) and illustrates the glory of Lord Ganesha. The katha narrates various anecdotes where Lord Ganesha intervenes to resolve the dilemmas faced by his devotees, thereby reinstating faith and devotion among the worshippers.

The recitation of the Vrat Katha is believed to invoke the blessings of Lord Ganesha, ensuring the fulfillment of desires and the removal of obstacles.

Each story within the katha serves as a moral lesson, emphasizing the virtues of wisdom, patience, and perseverance. Devotees immerse themselves in the katha, often finding parallels between the divine tales and their own life challenges. The act of listening to or reciting the katha is considered as pious as the observance of the fast itself.

The Importance of Reciting the Vrat Katha

Reciting the Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat Katha is a pivotal aspect of the observance. It is believed that narrating this sacred story on the day of the vrat brings divine blessings and removes obstacles from one's life. The Katha encapsulates the essence of devotion and the power of faith in Lord Ganesha.

The act of recitation is not merely about reading the text; it is an immersive experience that connects the devotee with the divine energies of Lord Ganesha.

Devotees often gather in groups for the recitation, which fosters a sense of community and shared spirituality. The Katha serves as a reminder of the virtues and the moral lessons that Lord Ganesha symbolizes. Below is a list of benefits associated with the recitation of the Vrat Katha:

  • Spiritual enlightenment and inner peace
  • Removal of obstacles and hardships
  • Blessings of prosperity and success
  • Strengthening of faith and devotion

The tradition of reciting the Vrat Katha is not just a ritualistic practice but a medium through which devotees express their reverence and seek guidance from Lord Ganesha.

Mantras and Prayers to Lord Ganesha

The recitation of Ganesha mantras is a pivotal aspect of the Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat. Devotees engage in chanting mantras such as the Ganesha Stotra, Chalisa, and specific Ganesha Mantras to invoke the blessings of Lord Ganesha. It is believed that these sacred utterances have the power to fulfill wishes and bring about positive changes in one's life.

During the vrat, offerings of flowers at the feet of Lord Ganesha are made, symbolizing the surrender of the devotee's material desires in exchange for divine blessings.

Below is a list of common mantras chanted during the vrat:

  • Om Gam Ganapataye Namaha
  • Vakratunda Mahakaya Suryakoti Samaprabha
  • Gajananam Bhoota Ganadhi Sevitam

Each mantra carries a specific meaning and is chanted with a particular intention. For instance, 'Om Gam Ganapataye Namaha' is often recited for removing obstacles, while 'Vakratunda Mahakaya' is believed to bring about success and prosperity.

Auspicious Timings and Upay

Shubh Muhurat for Sankashti Chaturthi Puja

The Shubh Muhurat, or auspicious timing, is a pivotal aspect of performing the Sankashti Chaturthi Puja. It is believed that conducting the puja during this period amplifies the blessings and efficacy of the rituals. The Muhurat is determined based on the lunar calendar and varies each month.

To align with the auspicious timings, devotees must be mindful of the specific date and time which is often provided by astrological sources.

For instance, in 2024, the Sankashti Chaturthi Puja is observed on either the 27th or 28th of February, depending on the lunar phase. Adhering to the Shubh Muhurat is not only a matter of tradition but also resonates with the astrological factors that are believed to influence the success of the vrat and the blessings received.

Performing the puja within the Shubh Muhurat is essential for devotees seeking to maximize the spiritual benefits and invite prosperity into their lives.

While the exact timings may vary, a general guideline for the Shubh Muhurat on Sankashti Chaturthi is during the evening after moonrise, when Lord Ganesha is worshipped. It is during this time that the moon sighting also plays a crucial role, marking the culmination of the fast and the puja.

Upay: Remedial Measures for Blessings

In the pursuit of divine blessings during Sankashti Chaturthi, upay or remedial measures play a crucial role. These measures are believed to enhance the efficacy of prayers and pujas, bringing prosperity and removing obstacles from one's life.

One such upay involves the offering of a red cloth with a Shri Yantra and a betel nut placed in the center to Lord Ganesha. After the puja, this ensemble is kept in the treasury, symbolizing the increase of wealth.

Chanting the mantra 'Om Gam Ganapataye Namah' during the puja is considered highly auspicious. Additionally, the recitation of 'Gajananaya Vidmahe, Vakratundaya Dhimahi, Tanno Danti Prachodayat' is also recommended on this day.

Another significant upay is to offer Arghya to the Moon God with pure water mixed with red sandalwood, Kusha grass, flowers, and unbroken rice grains. This gesture is said to invoke the blessings of the Moon God for the well-being of the family.

Moon Sighting and Its Significance

The sighting of the moon plays a pivotal role in the Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat. It marks the culmination of the fast and is considered a moment of divine blessings. Devotees eagerly await the darshan of the moon before breaking their fast, as it is believed to bring the grace of Lord Ganesha upon them.

The moon's appearance is not just a celestial event but a spiritual signal that the time for prayers and offerings has reached its zenith. This moment is deeply intertwined with the essence of the vrat, symbolizing the end of obstacles and the beginning of auspiciousness.

The significance of moon sighting can be summarized in the following points:

  • It signifies the successful completion of the fast.
  • The moon is honored with prayers and offerings.
  • This ritual is said to enhance the spiritual benefits of the vrat.

Observing the moon and performing the associated rituals is a tradition that reinforces faith and devotion, connecting the physical act of fasting with the celestial cycle.

Cultural Impact and Community Celebrations

Regional Variations in Celebrations

Sankashti Chaturthi is celebrated with great fervor across various regions in India, each adding its unique cultural touch to the festivities. In Maharashtra, the veneration of Lord Ganesha on Sankashti Chaturthi is particularly grand, with special aartis and offerings made at temples.

In Southern states like Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, the observance includes the preparation of traditional sweets and the lighting of lamps. Devotees also visit Ganesha temples to offer their prayers and seek blessings.

The diversity in celebration styles highlights the rich tapestry of Indian culture and the widespread devotion to Lord Ganesha.

Northern states such as Uttar Pradesh and Delhi often incorporate local customs and community gatherings, which may include singing devotional songs and reciting the 'Vrat Katha' or fasting stories associated with the festival.

Community Gatherings and Public Events

Sankashti Chaturthi is not just a day of individual worship but also a time for community bonding and collective celebrations. Community celebrations of Shree Satya Narayan Puja involve worship, rituals, prasad distribution, and bonding among devotees, fostering unity and devotion. These gatherings are often marked by cultural programs, devotional songs, and dance performances that add to the festive atmosphere.

During these events, the sense of camaraderie is palpable as people from all walks of life come together to honor Lord Ganesha. The shared experiences during the puja and the subsequent feasting strengthen community ties and create lasting memories.

In many regions, public events are organized by local temples or community groups. These may include large-scale aartis, special talks by spiritual leaders, and charity drives to help the less fortunate. Such events underscore the inclusive nature of the festival, inviting participation from everyone, regardless of social status or economic background.

The Role of Sankashti Chaturthi in Modern Times

In the contemporary era, Sankashti Chaturthi has transcended its traditional boundaries to become a symbol of unity and cultural identity among Hindus worldwide. The vrat (fast) is observed with the same fervor in bustling cities as in rural heartlands, showcasing the resilience of this age-old tradition.

The festival serves as a reminder of the enduring relevance of spiritual practices in modern life, providing solace and a sense of purpose amidst the chaos of the everyday.

Despite the rapid pace of modernization, the observance of Sankashti Chaturthi remains a testament to the unbroken chain of devotion that has been passed down through generations.

It is not just a day for piety but also for community bonding, as people come together to participate in puja and share the prasad (sacred offering). The vrat is believed to bestow wisdom and prosperity, and many continue to seek the blessings of Lord Ganesha for success in their personal and professional lives.

The practice of Sankashti Chaturthi in the modern context is a vibrant example of how traditional rituals adapt and thrive, reinforcing the cultural fabric and offering a beacon of hope and continuity.


As we conclude our exploration of the 2024 Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat, it is evident that this auspicious occasion holds profound significance for devotees of Lord Ganesha. Falling on the 28th of February, the vrat is a time-honored tradition that promises the blessings of wisdom, prosperity, and the removal of obstacles for those who observe it with devotion.

By engaging in the vrat katha, puja, and chanting the sacred mantras, worshippers can seek the favor of the deity known as Vighnaharta, the remover of hurdles. This day is not just about fasting and rituals; it's a spiritual journey that enhances one's faith and brings peace to the household.

Let us embrace the divine grace of Lord Ganesha on this Sankashti Chaturthi and carry the essence of this vrat throughout the year for a life filled with harmony and fulfillment.

Frequently Asked Questions

On which date should Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat be observed in 2024?

The Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat in 2024 should be observed on February 28, as per the Hindu calendar's Falgun month's Krishna Paksha Chaturthi.

What is the significance of Sankashti Chaturthi?

Sankashti Chaturthi is significant as it is believed to bring happiness, peace, and prosperity to one's home and family. Devotees worship Lord Ganesha, who is known to remove all obstacles and hardships.

What are the rituals performed during Sankashti Chaturthi?

On Sankashti Chaturthi, devotees observe a fast, perform puja, and offer prayers to Lord Ganesha. The rituals include chanting mantras, reading the Vrat Katha, and sighting the moon.

Is there a special Sankashti Chaturthi occurring in 2024?

Yes, the Dwijapriya Sankashti Chaturthi is a special occurrence in 2024, which holds significant religious importance and is considered highly auspicious.

What are the dietary restrictions during the Sankashti Chaturthi fast?

During the Sankashti Chaturthi fast, devotees abstain from consuming rice, wheat, and lentils. They typically consume fruits, vegetables, and root plants that are allowed during the fast.

How can one please Lord Ganesha on Sankashti Chaturthi?

Devotees can please Lord Ganesha by observing a strict fast, performing the puja with dedication, reciting the appropriate mantras, and following the prescribed Upay or remedial measures.

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