List of Puja Samagri: List of material for Pradosh fast

The Pradosh fast, observed by devotees of Lord Shiva, is a significant ritual in Hinduism. It is held on the 13th day (Trayodashi) of both the lunar fortnight. On this auspicious day, worshippers perform a puja or prayer ceremony to seek blessings and fulfill their desires.

An essential part of this ceremony is the collection of specific puja samagri or ritual materials. Each item holds a special significance and is offered to Lord Shiva with devotion. Here is a list of the materials traditionally used during the Pradosh fast puja.

Key Takeaways

  • Bel Patra, Milk, and Gangajal are among the primary offerings to Lord Shiva during the Pradosh fast, symbolizing purity and devotion.
  • Honey, Sugar, and Yogurt are used in the puja to represent sweetness and nurturing, essential elements for a prosperous life.
  • Ghee, Sandalwood Paste, and Incense Sticks play a crucial role in the ritual by purifying the atmosphere and creating a serene ambiance.
  • Flowers, Fruits, and Tulsi Leaves are offered to express gratitude and to please the deity with their freshness and vitality.
  • Items like Dhatura, Bhang, and Akshat (Rice Grains) have a deep mythological connection to Lord Shiva and are vital for the authenticity of the Pradosh puja.

1. Bel Patra

Bel Patra holds a paramount place in the Pradosh fast rituals. It is believed to be a favorite of Lord Shiva, and offering it during the puja can bring immense blessings. The leaves are used to adorn the Shivling and are offered in odd numbers, usually three or five.

Bel Patra is not just a ritualistic element; it is also a symbol of purification and sanctity in the puja.

While preparing for the puja, ensure that the Bel Patra leaves are fresh and clean. They should be offered with the stalk pointing towards the deity and the glossy side facing upwards. The act of offering Bel Patra is often accompanied by the chanting of mantras dedicated to Lord Shiva, enhancing the spiritual ambiance of the puja area.

2. Milk

Milk holds a place of prestige in Pradosh Vrat rituals due to its purity and nutritional value. It is used in the Abhishekam (ritual bathing) of the Shivling, symbolizing the purification of the soul.

During the Pradosh fast, devotees offer milk to Lord Shiva to seek his blessings for longevity and prosperity. The offering of milk is a gesture of devotion and represents the nurturing aspect of the divine.

Milk is also mixed with other ingredients to prepare Panchamrita, a sacred mixture used in Hindu worship. This concoction is considered to be very auspicious and is distributed among devotees as 'Prasad' after the puja.

It is important to use fresh and unboiled milk for the rituals to maintain the sanctity of the offerings.

3. Gangajal

Gangajal, or water from the sacred Ganges river, is an essential element in the Pradosh fast puja. It is believed to purify and sanctify the ritual space and the devotees participating in the puja. Gangajal is used for abhishekam, which is the ritual bathing of the Shivling, and for sprinkling around the altar to create a purified environment.

  • Abhishekam of Shivling
  • Sprinkling around the altar
Gangajal holds a special place in Hindu rituals for its purifying properties and is considered to be a direct link to the divine.

The use of Gangajal is not limited to just Pradosh fast; it is a common and revered item in various other Hindu pujas and ceremonies. Its significance is often mentioned in the context of various rituals, including the Ganapathi Homam, which is known for addressing health concerns.

4. Honey

Honey is a sweet and natural substance that plays a significant role in the Pradosh Vrat puja. It is used to anoint the Shivling, symbolizing sweetness and purity in one's life. Honey is also part of the Panchamrita, a sacred mixture used during Hindu rituals.

In the context of Pradosh Vrat, honey signifies the sweet results of one's devotion and penance. It is believed to bring about harmony and peace when offered to Lord Shiva. During the auspicious Shravan Month, various types of fasting are observed, and honey can be a permissible ingredient in the diet of devotees.

Honey's inclusion in the puja samagri list underscores its importance in Hindu worship. It is not just a dietary element but also a spiritual offering that enhances the sanctity of the rituals.

5. Sugar

Sugar is an essential component in the Pradosh fast puja samagri list. It is used in various rituals and offerings, particularly in the preparation of prasad, which is a sacred food offering made to the deities.

Sugar symbolizes sweetness and bliss in life, and it is offered to the deities with the hope that devotees will be blessed with a life filled with happiness and joy. During the Pradosh fast, sugar is often mixed with other ingredients to create panchamrita, a sacred mixture used in Hindu worship.

Sugar's role in the Pradosh fast is not just ritualistic but also carries a deep symbolic meaning, representing a devotee's wish for a sweet and prosperous life.

While sugar is a common item, its inclusion in the puja holds a special significance, reflecting the devotee's pure intentions and desire for spiritual growth.

6. Yogurt

Yogurt is a crucial component of the Pradosh fast puja samagri. It is used in the panchamrita, a sacred mixture, and also offered directly to the deity during the puja rituals.

Yogurt symbolizes prosperity and fertility, and its inclusion in the puja underscores the devotee's wish for well-being and abundance. It is important to use fresh, unflavored yogurt to maintain the purity of the offerings.

Yogurt's cooling properties are believed to enhance the spiritual ambiance, promoting peace and tranquility during the puja.

When preparing for a puja, it is essential to ensure cleanliness and to gather all necessary items, which may include an idol, rice, flowers, and more. The rituals should be performed with reverence and devotion, reflecting the sanctity of the occasion.

7. Ghee

Ghee, or clarified butter, is a quintessential element in Pradosh Vrat Puja. It is used to light the Diya (oil lamp) which is an integral part of the ritual. The lighting of the Diya signifies the removal of darkness and ignorance, and the ushering in of knowledge and enlightenment.

Ghee is also offered to Lord Shiva as a part of the Panchamrita, a mixture used during the puja. This sacred mixture is made up of five nectars which include milk, sugar, yogurt, honey, and ghee. Each ingredient in the Panchamrita has its own significance and is known to please the deities.

The use of ghee in the Pradosh Vrat is symbolic of purity and devotion. It is believed to purify the surroundings and create a serene atmosphere conducive to worship.

While preparing for the puja, ensure that the ghee is of good quality and is used generously to light the Diya. The flame of the Diya represents the divine light and should burn steadily throughout the puja.

8. Sandalwood Paste

Sandalwood paste is an essential item in the Pradosh fast puja samagri list. It is revered for its cooling properties and its ability to promote concentration during prayers. The paste is traditionally made by grinding sandalwood on a stone slab with a little water to achieve the right consistency.

Sandalwood paste is also used to anoint the Shivling, symbolizing purity and sanctity. Its fragrance is believed to attract positive energies and calm the mind, aiding in meditation and the worship of Lord Shiva.

During the Pradosh puja, devotees apply the paste on the forehead, neck, and chest. This act is considered auspicious and is thought to bestow the blessings of Lord Shiva upon the devotee.

9. Incense Sticks

Incense sticks, also known as 'Agarbatti', are an integral part of the Pradosh fast rituals. They are lit to purify the atmosphere and create a serene ambiance conducive to worship. The fragrance from the incense sticks is believed to attract divine energies and enhance concentration during prayers.

The selection of incense sticks should be done with care, opting for those with natural and mild fragrances.

Incense sticks are offered to Lord Shiva as a sign of respect and devotion. The act of lighting them signifies the elimination of ignorance and the spread of the light of wisdom.

It is customary to light multiple incense sticks and place them in an incense holder near the deity. Ensure that the incense sticks are completely extinguished after the puja to prevent any fire hazard.

10. Flowers

Flowers hold a special place in Pradosh Vrat rituals, symbolizing the natural beauty and purity that pleases the deities. Different flowers have different significances, and they are offered to Lord Shiva to seek his blessings.

  • Bel Patra: Often considered the most beloved leaf of Lord Shiva, it is usually offered in threes.
  • Lotus: Represents spiritual awakening and purity.
  • Marigold: Known for its bright color, symbolizes surrender to the divine.
The selection of flowers should be done with care, ensuring they are fresh and vibrant to reflect the sincerity of the worship.

It is also important to arrange the flowers in a clean and respectful manner, as they are a crucial element in creating a conducive environment for worship and meditation during the Pradosh fast.

11. Fruits

Offering fruits during the Pradosh fast is a significant act of devotion. Fruits are considered a symbol of purity and prosperity and are presented to the deities as a part of the puja samagri. It is important to select fresh and seasonal fruits to ensure the sanctity of the offering.

The variety of fruits offered may include bananas, apples, oranges, and pomegranates, among others. These are not just offerings, but also consumed by devotees after the puja as prasad, which is believed to be blessed by the deity.

While there is no strict rule on the number or type of fruits to be offered, it is customary to include at least five different kinds. This is reflective of the five elements and the five senses, symbolizing a complete offering to the divine.

12. Tulsi Leaves

Tulsi leaves, revered for their purifying and medicinal properties, are an indispensable part of the Pradosh fast Puja Samagri. These sacred leaves are offered to Lord Shiva to invoke his blessings for health and longevity.

During the Pradosh fast, devotees meticulously prepare the Puja area, ensuring it is clean and sanctified. Tulsi leaves are carefully arranged on the Shivling or the deity's idol. The act of offering Tulsi is a gesture of honor and devotion, symbolizing the surrender of one's soul to the divine.

Post-Puja practices emphasize sharing blessings, health commitments, and maintaining a clean Puja area.

It is also customary to consume Tulsi leaves after the Puja, as they are believed to carry the divine energy of the deity. This practice is part of the holistic approach to spirituality, where physical and spiritual well-being are intertwined.

13. Dhatura

Dhatura, a sacred plant, is an essential offering during the Pradosh fast, particularly revered in the worship of Lord Shiva. Its intoxicating properties symbolize the transcendence of the physical world and the attainment of spiritual enlightenment.

  • The leaves and the fruit of the Dhatura plant are used in the puja ritual.
  • It is believed to purify the atmosphere and ward off negative energies.
  • Care should be taken to handle Dhatura, as it is a toxic plant.
Dhatura is offered with devotion to please Lord Shiva and to seek his blessings for spiritual growth and protection against evil forces.

14. Bhang

Bhang is a traditional intoxicant made from cannabis leaves, which is used in the worship of Lord Shiva. It is considered to be very auspicious and is offered to the deity during the Pradosh fast to seek blessings.

  • Bhang is mixed with milk to create a paste.
  • The paste is then offered to the Shivling as part of the ritual.
Bhang is also consumed by devotees as it is believed to cleanse sins and unite them with Lord Shiva.

15. Akshat (Rice Grains)

Akshat, or unbroken rice grains, are a vital component in the Pradosh fast rituals. These white, uncooked rice grains symbolize prosperity, fertility, and purity, making them an indispensable offering to the deities. During the puja, Akshat is often sprinkled on or around the Shivling as a mark of respect and devotion.

In the context of Pradosh fast, Akshat serves not only as an offering but also plays a role in various ritualistic aspects. For instance, they are used in the creation of rangolis, which are artistic designs made on the floor, and in the preparation of the puja thali, a plate containing all the sacred items needed for the worship.

The use of Akshat is deeply embedded in the Hindu tradition, and its presence in the Pradosh fast underscores the importance of adhering to the prescribed rituals and maintaining the sanctity of the offerings.

It is essential to ensure that the rice grains are whole and not broken, as broken grains are considered inauspicious and unfit for worship. The purity of the Akshat is a reflection of the worshipper's sincerity and the sanctity of the puja environment.

16. Diya (Oil Lamp)

Diya (Oil Lamp) is an essential element in Pradosh Vrat Puja. It symbolizes the light of knowledge and the presence of the divine.

  • A clean and undamaged diya should be used.
  • Traditionally, it is filled with ghee or oil.
  • A cotton wick is then placed and lit to invoke the deities.
The diya should remain lit throughout the puja to ensure the blessings of Lord Shiva. It is believed that the flame of a diya removes darkness and ignorance, leading the devotee towards enlightenment and purity.

17. Camphor

Camphor, known for its strong fragrance and ability to purify the environment, is a crucial element in the Pradosh fast Puja Samagri. It is believed to please Lord Shiva, who is the deity worshipped during Pradosh. Camphor is used during the aarti, the ritual of waving lighted wicks before the deities, to invoke divine blessings.

Camphor's role extends beyond its aromatic properties; it symbolizes the burning of the individual ego, which aligns with the spiritual goals of Pradosh fast.

The use of camphor in religious ceremonies is not just about the scent; it also represents the light of our consciousness shining within. As it burns without leaving a trace, it teaches the importance of sacrifice and renunciation in one's spiritual practice.

18. Betel Leaves

Betel leaves, known as 'Paan ka Patta' in Hindi, hold a significant place in Pradosh Vrat rituals. These heart-shaped leaves are often used to adorn the deity and are believed to purify the soul and body of the devotees.

Betel leaves are offered to Lord Shiva as a mark of respect and devotion. They are also used in creating a traditional offering known as 'Tamboolam', which includes betel leaves, areca nuts, and lime, symbolizing longevity, prosperity, and happiness.

Betel leaves are not only a ritualistic element but also carry medicinal properties, aiding in digestion and acting as a natural mouth freshener.

During the Pradosh Vrat, it is customary to offer fresh betel leaves to the deity. The leaves should be clean, unblemished, and preferably picked the same day to ensure their freshness and vitality.

19. Betel Nuts

Betel nuts, known as 'Supari' in Hindi, are an integral part of the Pradosh fast puja samagri. These nuts are offered to Lord Shiva as a token of respect and devotion. Betel nuts symbolize longevity and prosperity and are believed to bring good luck to the devotees.

During the Pradosh puja, betel nuts are placed on the altar as a part of the offerings. They are often wrapped in betel leaves along with other items like camphor and akshat (rice grains) to form a traditional puja bundle. This bundle is then offered to the deity during the puja rituals.

The inclusion of betel nuts in the puja samagri is a testament to their significance in Hindu rituals. They are not just a mere offering, but a representation of the devotees' wishes for a prosperous life.

20. Dry Fruits

Offering dry fruits during the Pradosh fast is a symbol of longevity and prosperity. They are considered to be a pure and satvik offering, suitable for the worship of Lord Shiva. Dry fruits such as almonds, cashews, walnuts, and raisins are commonly used.

Dry fruits are not only a part of the puja samagri but also serve as a nutritious prasad for the devotees post the worship.

It is important to offer these with devotion and cleanliness, ensuring that they are fresh and of good quality. Dry fruits can be placed on a clean plate or in a small basket during the puja.

21. Panchamrita

Panchamrita is a sacred mixture used in Hindu worship and rituals, especially during the Pradosh fast. It is a combination of five ingredients, each with its own significance, symbolizing the five elements and the five senses.

The five components of Panchamrita are milk, curd (yogurt), ghee (clarified butter), honey, and sugar. These ingredients are mixed together in specific proportions to create the mixture that is offered to the deities.

Panchamrita is not only offered to the gods but is also consumed by devotees as it is believed to purify the mind and body.

While preparing for the Pradosh fast, it is essential to include Panchamrita among the offerings. This mixture is often accompanied by other items such as yellow flowers, fruits, and sweets, which are part of the ritualistic items for Guru Graha Puja. Devotees chant specific mantras and perform rituals with devotion to seek blessings.

22. Sacred Thread

The sacred thread, also known as 'Janeu' or 'Yajnopavita', holds immense significance in Hindu rituals, especially during the Pradosh fast. It symbolizes purity and is worn by the devotees while performing the Puja to maintain a sanctified state.

During the Pradosh Puja, the sacred thread is often used to tie around the wrist of the worshipper or around the Puja Kalash, representing the bond between the devotee and the deity. It is a reminder of the solemn vows taken during the worship.

The sacred thread is a mark of spiritual wisdom and a protective shield against all negative influences during the fast.

23. Shivling

The Shivling is a pivotal element in Pradosh fast puja, symbolizing Lord Shiva himself. It is revered and worshipped with great devotion during the fast.

  • Ensure the Shivling is clean and placed on a clean platform.
  • Offerings such as milk, water, and bel patra are gently poured over the Shivling.
  • Devotees often perform an 'Abhishekam' - a holy bathing of the Shivling, chanting mantras to invoke blessings.
The presence of a Shivling in the puja setup is believed to amplify the spiritual energy and connect the devotee to the divine.

It is not just an idol, but a representation of the cosmos and the infinite nature of Shiva. Careful handling and respectful treatment of the Shivling are essential to maintain the sanctity of the worship.

24. Copper Vessel

A copper vessel is an essential element in the Pradosh fast puja samagri list. It is traditionally used to hold water or Gangajal during the rituals. Copper is considered sacred in Hinduism and is believed to enhance the spiritual potency of the water.

  • Ensure the vessel is clean and unblemished.
  • Fill it with fresh water or Gangajal before the puja begins.
  • Place it near the Shivling or the deity's idol during the rituals.
The copper vessel symbolizes purity and is integral to the sanctity of the puja. It is also thought to have health benefits when water is stored in it due to copper's antimicrobial properties.

25. Durva Grass and more

The inclusion of Durva Grass in the Pradosh fast puja samagri list is significant due to its sacredness in Hindu rituals. This grass is believed to symbolize purity and is often used in religious ceremonies to honor deities.

In addition to Durva Grass, there are other items that may be required depending on regional practices and personal preferences. These can include:

  • Kusha grass
  • Panchagavya
  • Cloves
  • Cardamom
  • Saffron
Each item in the puja samagri holds a unique significance and is offered with devotion to seek the blessings of the divine.

It is important to consult with a knowledgeable priest or follow a trusted puja guide to ensure that all necessary items are gathered. The Pradosh fast is a time for reflection and devotion, and the careful selection of puja samagri is a crucial part of the observance.


In conclusion, preparing for the Pradosh fast requires careful gathering of various puja samagri to ensure the rituals are performed with reverence and authenticity. The items listed in this article serve as a comprehensive guide to help devotees collect all the necessary materials for a successful Pradosh vrat.

It's important to remember that the intention behind the observance and the devotion with which the puja is conducted are as significant as the materials used. May your Pradosh fast be imbued with spiritual fulfillment and bring you the blessings of Lord Shiva.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is Pradosh fast and why is it observed?

Pradosh fast, also known as Pradosh Vrat, is a Hindu fasting tradition observed on the Trayodashi (13th day) of both lunar fortnights. It is dedicated to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Devotees observe this fast to seek blessings for the removal of sins and obstacles, and for overall happiness and prosperity.

Why is Bel Patra important in Pradosh fast?

Bel Patra, or Bilva leaves, are considered very sacred in Hinduism, especially in the worship of Lord Shiva. They symbolize the three eyes of Lord Shiva. Offering Bel Patra during Pradosh fast is believed to be auspicious and is said to please Lord Shiva, leading to the fulfillment of desires and the absolution of sins.

Can I use tap water instead of Gangajal for the puja?

While Gangajal, the holy water from the River Ganges, is preferred for its purifying properties, if it is not available, you can use clean tap water with the right intention and devotion for the puja. It is the sincerity and faith in the rituals that hold the utmost importance.

Is it necessary to use a copper vessel for the puja?

Using a copper vessel in Hindu rituals is considered auspicious due to the metal's positive spiritual and health benefits. However, if a copper vessel is not available, you can use any clean and appropriate vessel for the puja.

What fruits should be offered during Pradosh fast?

There is no strict rule about the types of fruits to be offered during Pradosh fast. Seasonal fruits are generally preferred. Common offerings include bananas, apples, oranges, and pomegranates. The key is to offer the fruits with devotion.

What is Panchamrita and how is it prepared?

Panchamrita is a sacred mixture used in Hindu religious ceremonies, made from five ingredients: milk, honey, sugar, yogurt, and ghee. It is prepared by mixing these ingredients in specific proportions and is offered to the deities during the puja as a part of the rituals.

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