Navratri 2024 Day 5: Maa Skandamata, Date, Puja Vidhi

Navratri, the nine-night festival dedicated to the nine forms of the goddess Durga, reaches a spiritual crescendo on Day 5 with the worship of Maa Skandamata.

This day is marked by specific rituals, mantras, and offerings to honor the divine mother who is revered for bestowing her devotees with progeny and peace.

As we anticipate Navratri 2024, let's delve into the significance of Maa Skandamata, the recommended puja vidhi, and the cultural context of this auspicious occasion.

Key Takeaways

  • Maa Skandamata, celebrated on the fifth day of Navratri, is worshipped for progeny happiness and bringing peace to devotees' homes.
  • Devotees offer fruits like bananas and apples, and flowers such as marigolds and chameli to please Maa Skandamata.
  • The puja vidhi involves a step-by-step worship procedure, recitation of specific mantras and stotras, and concludes with an aarti.
  • Yellow, the color of the day, holds special significance and is prominently featured in the attire and offerings.
  • Preparations for the puja include gathering specific puja materials, setting up the altar, and observing a fast accompanied by the vrat katha.

Understanding the Significance of Maa Skandamata on Day 5 of Navratri

The Divine Maternal Figure

On the fifth day of Navratri, devotees honor Maa Skandamata, the fifth manifestation of Goddess Durga. She is revered as the divine maternal figure, symbolizing the nurturing aspect of the divine feminine.

Maa Skandamata is depicted as a mother holding her infant son, Skanda, also known as Kartikeya, who was chosen by the gods as their commander in the war against the demons.

Worshiping Maa Skandamata is believed to bring about a deep sense of peace and prosperity. She is the embodiment of motherly love, and her devotees find solace in her benevolent presence. The rituals performed on this day are meant to invoke her blessings for wisdom and courage, reflecting her dual role as a nurturing mother and a fierce warrior.

The essence of Maa Skandamata's worship lies in the purity of intention and the devotion of the heart. It is a day to connect with the maternal energy of the universe and to recognize the strength and wisdom that comes from that sacred bond.

Navratri celebrates nine forms of Goddess Durga with special pujas and offerings. Fasting, feasting, music, and dance are integral. Home worship rituals and cultural expressions enhance spiritual connection.

Blessings of Progeny and Peace

Maa Skandamata, revered on the fifth day of Navratri, is known to bestow her devotees with the dual blessings of progeny and tranquility.

Worshiping her is believed to bring about a harmonious balance in family life, nurturing the growth of children and instilling a sense of calm in the household.

Devotees often seek her grace for the well-being of their offspring, invoking her nurturing aspect as the mother of Skanda, or Kartikeya, the god of war. The rituals performed are imbued with the intent to secure her protective and peaceful influence over their families.

The offerings made to Maa Skandamata during the puja include sweets like Kheer and fruits, which symbolize purity and fertility. These bhog items are carefully selected to resonate with the goddess's benevolent nature.

The following list outlines the key offerings to Maa Skandamata:

  • Kheer, a rice pudding delicately flavored with cardamom and saffron
  • Fresh fruits, representing the earth's bounty and life's vitality
  • Coconut, a symbol of complete usefulness and divine consciousness

Symbolism of Maa Skandamata in Devotion

Maa Skandamata, worshipped on the fifth day of Navratri, is revered as the divine mother of Skanda, or Kartikeya, who symbolizes wisdom and courage.

Her presence is a profound reminder of the maternal love that encompasses both nurturing and bravery. Devotees seek her blessings for progeny and peace, and her veneration is marked by offerings that are dear to her.

The offerings to Maa Skandamata include fruits and flowers that hold special significance. Bananas and apples are commonly offered as they are believed to be her favorites, while yellow flowers like marigolds and roses are used to adorn her altar, reflecting her luminous and nurturing nature.

The symbolism extends beyond the physical offerings, as Maa Skandamata is also a representation of the unification of the material and spiritual realms.

Her depiction, often seated on a lion with her son in her lap, signifies her dual role as a warrior goddess and a protective mother, guiding her devotees towards the path of dharma and enlightenment.

Rituals and Offerings for Maa Skandamata Puja

Shubh Muhurat: Auspicious Timing for the Puja

The Shubh Muhurat, or auspicious timing, is a pivotal aspect of performing the Maa Skandamata Puja during Navratri. It is believed that conducting the puja within this sacred time frame amplifies the blessings and efficacy of the worship.

The precise timing for the Shubh Muhurat can vary each year, depending on astrological calculations. Devotees are encouraged to consult a panchang, or Hindu almanac, to determine the most favorable time to perform the puja rituals.

While the exact timings are subject to change, a general guideline for the Shubh Muhurat on the fifth day of Navratri is provided below:

  • Morning Muhurat: 06:15 AM to 07:45 AM
  • Afternoon Muhurat: 11:00 AM to 12:30 PM
  • Evening Muhurat: 04:45 PM to 06:15 PM

It is essential to adhere to these timings to honor Maa Skandamata and seek her divine grace for progeny and peace.

Puja Vidhi: Step-by-Step Worship Procedure

The Puja Vidhi for Maa Skandamata is a harmonious blend of devotion and tradition, encapsulating the essence of Purnima Puja Vidhi which involves preparation, deity invocation, offerings, prayers, and meditation for divine blessings.

The procedure is designed to honor the goddess with utmost reverence and to seek her grace for progeny and peace.

  • Begin with a clean and sanctified space, ensuring purity of the environment.
  • Invoke Maa Skandamata with sincere prayers and chant her sacred mantras.
  • Offer the goddess her favorite flowers and prepare the bhog, which typically includes sweets and fruits.
  • Perform the aarti with a lit diya, circling it in front of the deity while singing hymns of praise.
  • Conclude the puja by meditating and reflecting on the goddess's virtues, seeking her blessings for the well-being of family and self.
The culmination of the puja brings a profound sense of tranquility and spiritual fulfillment, echoing the spiritual significance of Navratri as a time for reflection and renewal.

Mantras and Stotras: Invoking the Divine

Chanting mantras and stotras is a pivotal aspect of invoking Maa Skandamata's divine presence. Devotees recite specific verses to deepen their connection with the deity and to seek her blessings for wisdom and strength. The vibrations of these sacred chants are believed to purify the atmosphere and align the worshipper's energy with the divine.

  • Om Devi Skandamatayai Namah - This mantra is chanted to pay homage to the mother of Skanda, also known as Kartikeya.
  • Sinhaasan Gataa Nityam Padmaanchit Kardwayaa - A verse praising Maa Skandamata, who is seated on a throne with lotuses in her hands.
  • Svaha - A powerful exclamation added at the end of mantras during offerings to the fire.
The essence of these chants lies in their repetition and the purity of intent with which they are recited. It is not merely the words, but the bhakti (devotion) that resonates with the divine.

Bhog: Delicacies to Offer

On the fifth day of Navratri, devotees present Bhog to Maa Skandamata as a gesture of reverence and devotion. The Bhog is a sacred food offering, which is believed to please the deity and bring blessings upon the worshipper. Traditional offerings include a variety of delicacies that are both sumptuous and symbolic.

  • Kheer: A sweet rice pudding, often made with milk, rice, and sugar, symbolizing purity and auspiciousness.
  • Malpua: A sweet pancake, deep-fried and dipped in syrup, representing the sweetness of life and spiritual growth.
  • Coconut: Offered whole or in pieces, coconut signifies the ego's surrender and the attainment of a clear mind.

After the offerings are made, they are distributed among the devotees as Prasad, a holy gift from the Goddess, which is received with gratitude and humility. The act of sharing Prasad is a reminder of the divine presence in every individual and the importance of community in spiritual practice.

Aarti: The Ceremonial Hymn

The culmination of the Skandamata Puja is the Aarti, a devotional hymn sung in praise of the Goddess. It is a moment of high spiritual fervor, where the collective chanting amplifies the sanctity of the occasion. The Aarti serves as a heartfelt offering of light and love to Maa Skandamata, symbolizing the removal of darkness and ignorance.

The flickering flames of the Aarti are not just a physical light, but a metaphorical one, guiding devotees towards enlightenment and divine grace.

During the Aarti, devotees often use a specific set of items to perform the ritual. Here is a list of essentials:

  • A diya or lamp, preferably with ghee
  • Incense sticks
  • Camphor
  • Flowers, typically Arabian Jasmine (Mogra flower)
  • Bell

Each item holds its own significance, contributing to the sensory experience that complements the spiritual journey of Navratri.

Cultural and Religious Context of Navratri Day 5 Celebrations

The Story of Maa Skandamata

On the fifth day of Navratri, devotees honor Maa Skandamata, the fifth manifestation of Maa Durga. She is revered as the mother of Skanda, or Kartikeya, who was chosen by the gods as their commander in the war against the demons. Maa Skandamata is a symbol of the mother-child relationship, representing maternal love as well as warrior strength.

Worshippers approach Maa Skandamata for her dual nature of wisdom and courage, which she graciously imparts to her devotees. She is depicted seated on a lion with her son in her lap, signifying bravery and compassion.

The puja of Maa Skandamata brings with it the blessings of progeny and peace, as she is the divine maternal figure who nurtures the devotees' aspirations with her benevolence.

During the puja, offerings are made to please the goddess. Devotees commonly offer fruits like bananas and apples, and flowers such as marigolds and yellow roses, which are particularly favored by the deity.

Significance of Yellow: The Color of the Day

In the vibrant tapestry of Navratri celebrations, each day is draped in a distinct hue, with yellow reigning on the fifth day. Yellow, a color emblematic of joy and optimism, is deeply woven into the day's festivities. Devotees often dress in yellow garments, reflecting the brightness and positivity that Maa Skandamata embodies.

Yellow also holds a special place in Hindu rituals, as it is associated with the planet Jupiter, which signifies wisdom and prosperity. During Navratri, the color yellow is not just a visual delight but also a symbol of the spiritual riches and enlightenment that the devotees seek through their worship.

The choice of yellow on this day is more than an aesthetic preference; it is a profound expression of the collective consciousness that resonates with the divine energy of Maa Skandamata.

The following list highlights the significance of yellow in various aspects of the celebration:

  • Yellow flowers like marigolds are offered to the goddess, signifying beauty and surrender.
  • Yellow attire is donned by worshippers, symbolizing knowledge and purity.
  • Sattvic food offerings, often including items like honey, embody the essence of purity and nourishment.

Community and Social Aspects of the Celebration

Navratri is not just a religious observance but a social and cultural phenomenon that brings communities together.

The festival fosters a sense of unity and collective joy as people from all walks of life participate in the various customs and traditions. The fifth day of Navratri, dedicated to Maa Skandamata, is particularly special for its communal gatherings and shared rituals.

During this time, local communities organize events and activities that highlight the cultural richness of the festival. These may include:

  • Traditional dance performances, such as Garba and Dandiya
  • Devotional singing and music sessions
  • Community feasts where everyone contributes
  • Educational workshops on the significance of Navratri
The spirit of togetherness is palpable as individuals engage in collective worship, exchange greetings, and share in the festive atmosphere. The day is marked by a harmonious blend of devotion and cultural expression, making it a memorable part of the Navratri celebrations.

Preparations for Maa Skandamata Puja

Gathering Puja Materials

The meticulous gathering of puja materials is a profound act of reverence, setting the stage for the worship of Maa Skandamata.

Essential items for the puja include a Kalash (sacred pot), a coconut to place atop the Kalash, pure ghee for the lamps, an assortment of fresh flowers, fruits to be offered as prasad, and sweets to distribute among devotees.

Each of these items carries deep symbolic meaning, representing various aspects of devotion and gratitude during the auspicious Navratri festival.

The selection of puja materials is not just about the items themselves, but the intent and devotion with which they are offered.

For Maa Skandamata, specific offerings are recommended to please the deity and receive her blessings. These offerings include honey and fruits such as bananas and apples. Flowers like marigold and the flower of the plum tree are also considered auspicious for the puja.

Below is a list of the primary materials required for Maa Skandamata Puja:

  • Kalash (sacred pot)
  • Coconut
  • Pure ghee
  • Fresh flowers
  • Fruits (especially bananas and apples)
  • Sweets
  • Honey
  • Marigold and plum tree flowers

Setting Up the Altar

The altar for Maa Skandamata Puja is a sanctified space that should be arranged with devotion and care.

Ensure the altar is clean and placed in a quiet corner of your home or temple. It should face the east or north to align with the auspicious directions as per Vedic traditions.

  • Begin by laying a red cloth on the altar table as it symbolizes shakti (power) and devotion.
  • Place the idol or picture of Maa Skandamata at the center.
  • Arrange the offerings of flowers, specifically Marigold and Plum tree flowers, which are dear to the deity.
  • Keep a small vessel or Kalash filled with holy water to the right side of the deity.
The setup of the altar is a meditative process, reflecting the purity of intentions and the depth of devotion. It is a time to invoke the presence of the divine and prepare oneself for the worship to follow.

Fasting and Vrat Katha

Fasting during Navratri is a profound spiritual practice that culminates on the fifth day with the veneration of Maa Skandamata.

Devotees observe a strict fast, abstaining from grains and certain vegetables, to purify the body and mind. The fast is broken with a ritualistic meal after the completion of the puja.

Vrat Katha, or the fasting story, is an integral part of the puja preparations. It narrates the glories of Maa Skandamata and the significance of the fast. Reciting or listening to the Vrat Katha is believed to enhance the spiritual benefits of the fast.

The Vrat Katha is a tapestry of devotion, weaving together tales of divine grace and the devotee's unwavering faith.

To ensure a seamless puja experience, here is a checklist of items commonly required:

  • Sacred thread (Mauli)
  • Incense sticks (Agarbatti)
  • Fresh flowers
  • Fruits and sweets for offering (Prasad)
  • Earthen lamp (Diya) with ghee or oil
  • Holy water (Gangajal)
  • Red cloth for the altar
  • Picture or idol of Maa Skandamata

Each item holds a special significance and is offered with reverence to Maa Skandamata, seeking her divine blessings for prosperity and wisdom.


As we conclude our observance of Chaitra Navratri's fifth day, we are reminded of the profound spiritual significance of worshipping Maa Skandamata. Devotees across the globe seek her blessings for progeny happiness and the well-being of their families.

By offering fruits like bananas and flowers such as marigolds, we honor her maternal essence and warrior strength. The meticulous puja vidhi, recitation of mantras, and the heartfelt aarti are all integral to connecting with the divine energy of Maa Skandamata.

May her wisdom and courage inspire us, and may the sanctity of this day bring peace and prosperity to all. Let us carry the essence of today's devotion in our hearts as we continue to celebrate the remaining days of Navratri with equal fervor and reverence.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the significance of worshiping Maa Skandamata on the 5th day of Navratri?

Worshipping Maa Skandamata on the fifth day of Navratri is believed to bestow the blessings of progeny and peace. Devotees seek her grace for maternal love and the well-being of their children, as she is also known as the mother of Skanda or Kartikeya.

What are the auspicious timings (Shubh Muhurat) for Maa Skandamata Puja in 2024?

The auspicious timings for Maa Skandamata Puja will be determined based on the Hindu Panchang for the year 2024. Devotees should consult the Panchang or local priests to find the exact Shubh Muhurat for the puja.

Can you provide a step-by-step guide for Maa Skandamata Puja?

A step-by-step guide for Maa Skandamata Puja includes setting up the altar with her image, invoking her presence, offering fruits and flowers, chanting mantras, performing aarti, and distributing prasad. It's recommended to follow a detailed Puja Vidhi from a credible religious source or seek guidance from a learned priest.

What offerings are considered most suitable for Maa Skandamata?

Devotees commonly offer yellow flowers like marigolds and yellow roses, as well as fruits such as bananas and apples to Maa Skandamata. These offerings are believed to please the goddess and bring her blessings.

What is the cultural and religious context of celebrating the fifth day of Navratri?

The fifth day of Navratri is dedicated to Maa Skandamata, symbolizing maternal affection and warrior strength. It is a day to honor her contributions to motherhood and valor. Cultural practices include wearing yellow, singing devotional songs, and participating in community worship.

What should one know about fasting and the Vrat Katha associated with Maa Skandamata?

Fasting on the fifth day of Navratri is a devotional practice to show reverence to Maa Skandamata. The Vrat Katha, a story associated with the goddess, is read or recited during the fast to invoke her blessings and understand her significance in the Navratri celebrations.

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