Janki Navami | Sita Jayanti 2024: Date, Tithi, Timing, Puja Vidhi

Janaki Navami, also known as Sita Jayanti, is a significant Hindu festival dedicated to Goddess Sita, the beloved wife of Lord Rama. Celebrated with great devotion and enthusiasm, this auspicious day marks the birth anniversary of Goddess Sita and is observed with various rituals and religious activities.

In 2024, Janaki Jayanti promises to be a day filled with pious ceremonies and cultural festivities. This article explores the date, tithi, timing, and puja vidhi of Janaki Navami or Sita Jayanti in 2024, providing devotees with a comprehensive guide to celebrating this sacred occasion.

Key Takeaways

  • Janaki Navami, also known as Sita Jayanti, is celebrated to honor the birth of Goddess Sita, and in 2024, it will be observed with traditional fervor.
  • The date and tithi of Janaki Jayanti are determined according to the Hindu lunar calendar, falling in the month of Phalguna on the Ashtami tithi of Krishna Paksha.
  • Rituals and puja vidhi for Janaki Jayanti include a series of steps that involve preparation, offerings, and chanting of mantras dedicated to Goddess Sita.
  • Timings and puja samay may vary across different regions, and adjustments are made for local customs to calculate the most auspicious shubh muhurat for the puja.
  • Devotional practices such as meditation, chanting of significant mantras, and other religious activities are believed to bring blessings and benefits to the devotees.

Understanding Janaki Navami and Sita Jayanti

The Significance of Janaki Navami

Janaki Navami, also known as Sita Ashtami, is a revered Hindu festival that celebrates the birth of Goddess Sita, the embodiment of purity and devotion.

It is a day that symbolizes the virtues of fidelity, love, and sacrifice, which are central to the narrative of the Ramayana.

This auspicious occasion falls on the Ashtami tithi of the Krishna Paksha in the month of Phalguna, aligning with the period of Chaitra Navratri, a time for spiritual renewal.

Janaki Navami is not just a religious event but a cultural phenomenon that reinforces the moral and ethical values depicted in the Ramayana.

Devotees observe Janaki Navami with great fervor, performing rituals and seeking the blessings of Goddess Sita for prosperity and happiness in married life.

The festival holds a special significance for women, who pray for the well-being of their spouses and families.

The Story of Goddess Sita

Goddess Sita, a central figure in the epic Ramayana, is revered for her unwavering devotion and purity. Her life is a testament to the virtues of faithfulness and fortitude.

Born from the earth, she is celebrated as the epitome of womanhood and is worshipped alongside Lord Rama.

Sita's journey, marked by trials and tribulations, highlights her resilience in the face of adversity. Her abduction by the demon king Ravana and subsequent rescue is a pivotal event that underscores her significance in the narrative.

Sita's experiences are not just mythological tales but also serve as moral lessons. They emphasize the importance of honor, sacrifice, and the power of righteousness.

Her story continues to inspire and guide millions across generations, making Janaki Navami a day of profound spiritual reflection and veneration.

Cultural Impact and Celebrations

Janaki Navami and Sita Jayanti are not just religious observances but also cultural phenomena that resonate deeply within the Hindu community. The celebration of these festivals reinforces the values of virtue, devotion, and the role of women in traditional narratives.

  • Across various regions, the festivals are marked by theatrical performances of Ramayana, the epic in which Goddess Sita is a central figure.
  • Devotional songs and dances are performed in her honor, often highlighting her unwavering fidelity and strength.
  • Community feasts and charitable activities are organized, reflecting the spirit of sharing and generosity associated with Goddess Sita.
The festivals serve as a reminder of the cultural heritage passed down through generations, fostering a sense of unity and continuity among the devotees.

Janaki Jayanti 2024: Date and Tithi

Determining the Auspicious Date

The auspicious date for Janaki Jayanti is determined by the lunar calendar, specifically falling on the Krishna Paksha Ashtami of the month of Phalguna. This day is dedicated to the worship of Goddess Sita, and it is believed that performing puja on this day brings blessings and happiness in married life.

In 2024, the beginning of the Ashtami Tithi is marked on March 3rd at 08:44 AM, and it concludes on March 4th at 08:49 AM. The Udaya Tithi, which is considered significant for the observance of Janaki Jayanti, is on March 4th. Devotees prepare for the puja during this period to seek the divine grace of Mata Sita.

The precise timing of the Ashtami Tithi is crucial for the Janaki Jayanti rituals, as it is believed to enhance the efficacy of the prayers and offerings made to the Goddess.

Tithi and Its Importance in Janaki Jayanti

In the Hindu calendar, Janaki Jayanti is celebrated on the Ashtami Tithi of the Krishna Paksha in the month of Phalguna.

This day is dedicated to Goddess Sita, also known as Janaki, and marks her birth anniversary.

The Tithi, or lunar day, is of paramount importance as it is believed to be the most auspicious time to perform rituals and offer prayers to the Goddess.

The Tithi plays a crucial role in determining the potency of the rituals and the blessings received.

Adhering to the Tithi ensures that devotees align with the cosmic energies and seek the divine blessings of Goddess Sita for prosperity and happiness in their lives.

It is also a time when married women observe fasts and perform puja for the well-being of their families, drawing parallels to the Mangala Gauri Vrat which honors divine feminine energy.

Below is a list of key aspects associated with the Tithi during Janaki Jayanti:

  • Significance of the Ashtami Tithi
  • Rituals and customs observed
  • Fasting guidelines and practices
  • Regional variations in celebration

Regional Variations in Observance

Janaki Navami, also known as Sita Ashtami, is celebrated with regional variations that reflect the diverse cultural tapestry of Hinduism.

In some regions, the festival is marked by fasting and the recitation of the Ramayana, while in others, devotees may focus on charitable acts or special prayers at temples dedicated to Goddess Sita and Lord Rama.

The observance of Janaki Navami can differ significantly from one region to another, with each community adding its unique customs and traditions to the celebration.

For instance, in certain parts of North India, women apply the sindoor offered to Goddess Sita to their own maang (parting of the hair), symbolizing marital bliss and prosperity. In contrast, South Indian festivities might include elaborate processions and cultural performances. The table below highlights some of the regional practices:

Region Custom Description
North India Sindoor application Women apply sindoor from Sita's idol to their maang for marital happiness.
South India Processions Elaborate processions and cultural events are organized.

While the core essence of the festival remains the celebration of Goddess Sita's virtues and her life, the manner in which Janaki Navami is observed continues to evolve, incorporating local beliefs and practices.

Rituals and Puja Vidhi for Janaki Jayanti 2024

Preparation for the Puja

The preparation for Janaki Jayanti Puja is a meticulous process that sets the stage for a reverent celebration.

Begin by waking up early and taking a purifying bath to cleanse oneself before the rituals. It is essential to wear clean and preferably traditional attire to honor the sanctity of the occasion.

Next, ensure the temple area or the puja space in your home is clean and ready. Place a red cloth on a raised platform or 'chauki' and install the idols or images of Goddess Sita and Lord Rama.

Offerings such as roli (vermilion powder), akshat (rice grains), and white flowers should be arranged for the puja. Additionally, it is customary to worship King Janak and Queen Sunayna, the parents of Goddess Sita, during the rituals.

The act of preparing for the puja is as significant as the puja itself, as it symbolizes the devotee's dedication and reverence towards the deities.

As part of the preparations, devotees may also take a vow or 'sankalp' to observe a fast and perform the puja with utmost devotion. The preparation culminates with the lighting of a ghee lamp in the temple area, signifying the illumination of the mind and soul.

Step-by-Step Puja Vidhi

The step-by-step Puja Vidhi for Janaki Jayanti is a series of devotional actions performed with reverence and dedication.

Begin by waking up early and taking a ritual bath to purify oneself before the puja. Clean the temple area and set up the altar with idols or pictures of Goddess Sita and Lord Rama, draping it with red cloth to signify auspiciousness.

  • Light a ghee lamp in the temple to invoke divine presence.
  • Take a vow of fasting if possible, as it is believed to enhance the spiritual benefits of the puja.
  • Offer ablutions to the deities with sacred water, which may include Ganga Jal for its purifying properties.
  • Adorn the deities with red sandalwood paste, vermilion, and yellow or red flowers as a mark of respect and devotion.
  • Chant the mantra 'Shri Sita-Ramaya Namah' with focused intent.
  • Conclude the puja with the Aarti, offering your deepest reverence to the deities.
  • Present offerings of food or sweets as Bhog, according to one's wish and capacity.
  • Finally, perform a prayer seeking forgiveness for any mistakes made during the puja.
The essence of Janaki Jayanti Puja Vidhi lies in the heartfelt worship and the purity of intention behind each act. It is a time to connect with the divine and seek blessings for prosperity and happiness.

Mantras and Offerings

The recitation of mantras and the presentation of offerings are pivotal elements in the Janaki Jayanti puja.

Devotees express their reverence and seek blessings by chanting specific mantras dedicated to Goddess Sita and Lord Rama. Offerings, known as 'bhog', are made with devotion, and typically include fruits, sweets, and flowers, symbolizing the purity of intent and the sweetness of devotion.

During the puja, it is customary to offer items such as roli, akshat (unbroken rice grains), and white flowers to the deities. The offerings are made with a pure heart and a focused mind, ensuring that the spiritual connection with the divine is strengthened.

Here is a list of mantras that are commonly chanted during Janaki Jayanti:

  • ॐ जानकीवल्लभाय नमः (Om Janakivallabhaya Namah)
  • श्री सीतायै नम: (Shri Sitaayai Namah)
  • श्रीरामचन्द्राय नम: (Shri Ramachandraya Namah)

The act of offering 'bhog' to the deities is followed by a heartfelt prayer for forgiveness, known as 'kshama prarthana', acknowledging any unintentional mistakes made during the puja.

Timings and Puja Samay for Janaki Jayanti 2024

Calculating the Shubh Muhurat

The Shubh Muhurat, or auspicious timing, for Janaki Jayanti rituals is meticulously determined based on the lunar calendar. Devotees consult the Panchang, the traditional Hindu calendar, to identify the most favorable times for worship.

This calendar takes into account various astronomical factors to pinpoint the precise moments when the divine energies are most accessible.

For Janaki Jayanti in 2024, the auspicious period begins on the 3rd of March at 08:44 AM and ends on the 4th of March at 08:49 AM. During this window, the most propitious time for Sita Puja is from 09:38 AM to 11:05 AM on the 4th of March.

In addition to the main Puja Muhurat, other significant times such as the Brahma Muhurat and Abhijit Muhurat are also observed. These periods are believed to enhance the spiritual benefits of the rituals performed.

It is essential to avoid any inauspicious times like Rahu Kaal to ensure the Puja's efficacy and to invite positive outcomes.

Puja Samay Across Different Regions

The Puja Samay or auspicious timing for Janaki Jayanti varies across different regions, reflecting the diverse cultural practices within Hinduism.

Devotees are encouraged to consult local panchangams or almanacs, which take into account the regional variations in sunrise, sunset, and moonrise timings.

For instance, the Puja Samay in Northern India might differ significantly from that in Southern India due to geographical differences affecting the celestial events. Below is a simplified table showcasing the Puja Samay for a few major regions on Janaki Jayanti 2024:

Region Sunrise Sunset Moonrise Moonset
North India 06:43 AM 06:23 PM 09:42 PM 11:46 AM
South India 06:30 AM 06:40 PM 10:00 PM 11:30 AM
East India 05:50 AM 05:45 PM 09:00 PM 10:45 AM
West India 06:55 AM 07:05 PM 10:15 PM 12:00 PM
It is essential to Perform Shree Satya Narayan Puja on specific dates in 2024 for blessings and prosperity. Follow rituals meticulously for happiness and success. Origin dates back to ancient Hindu scriptures.

Adherence to these timings is believed to amplify the spiritual benefits and ensure the successful completion of the puja. Adjustments may be necessary for local customs and traditions, which may prescribe additional rites or specific mantras to be chanted during the puja.

Adjustments for Local Customs

While Janaki Jayanti is celebrated with great reverence across various regions, local customs can influence the observance of this auspicious day.

In some areas, community gatherings, charitable activities, and spiritual discourses are integral to the celebration, fostering spiritual growth among participants.

For instance, the Shree Satya Narayan Puja, which is especially significant when performed on Somvati Amavasya, is observed with meticulous preparation that includes cleaning, purifying, and gathering necessary items for the ritual.

It is essential to respect and incorporate local traditions and practices when celebrating Janaki Jayanti to ensure the festival retains its cultural authenticity and communal harmony.

Adjustments to the puja vidhi may be required to align with regional practices. Below is a list of common adjustments made during Janaki Jayanti celebrations:

  • Incorporating local deities alongside Goddess Sita in the puja.
  • Modifying the puja timings to coincide with local auspicious hours.
  • Including regional offerings that are culturally significant.
  • Adapting the mantras and chants to include local dialects or languages.

Mantras and Devotional Practices for Janaki Jayanti 2024

Significant Mantras for Janaki Jayanti

On Janaki Jayanti, the recitation of specific mantras is believed to invoke the blessings of Goddess Sita. These mantras are chanted with devotion to seek grace, prosperity, and the divine virtues that Goddess Sita embodies.

The following are some of the significant mantras that devotees chant on this auspicious day:

  • Om Shri Sita-Ramachandraya Namah
  • Om Shri Janaknandiniyei Namah
  • Om Shri Bhoomijayai Namah
Chanting these mantras with a pure heart and focused mind is said to bring about spiritual growth and inner peace.

It is essential to chant these mantras during the puja with the correct pronunciation and mindful concentration. Devotees often perform a certain number of recitations, known as a 'japa', to maximize the spiritual benefits.

Meditation and Chanting

Meditation and chanting are integral to the spiritual observance of Janaki Jayanti. Devotees engage in deep meditation, focusing on the divine qualities of Goddess Sita, seeking her blessings for wisdom and virtue.

Chanting mantras is believed to purify the mind and resonate with the cosmic energy of the goddess.

During Janaki Jayanti, specific mantras are recited to honor Goddess Sita. Here is a list of mantras that are commonly chanted:

  • Om Shri Sitaayai Namah
  • Shri Ramachandraya Namah
  • Om Janakivallabhaya Namah
  • Shri Sita-Ramaya Namah
It is said that the vibrations from these sacred chants have the power to instill peace and spiritual well-being in the practitioner's life.

The practice of meditation and chanting during Janaki Jayanti is not just a ritual; it is a means to connect with the divine and to imbue one's life with the grace of Goddess Sita.

The repetition of these mantras during Navratri worship involves rituals to honor the goddess, including cleansing the space, setting up an altar, daily prayers, and chanting mantras for positive energy alignment and balance.

Benefits of Devotional Practices

Engaging in devotional practices during Janaki Jayanti brings a multitude of spiritual benefits.

Devotees experience a profound sense of peace and fulfillment by immersing themselves in the divine vibrations of mantras and puja rituals. The benefits extend beyond the spiritual realm, often manifesting in the form of improved mental well-being and a heightened sense of purpose.

  • Spiritual Growth: Deepens one's connection with the divine.
  • Mental Clarity: Enhances focus and concentration.
  • Emotional Stability: Reduces stress and promotes inner tranquility.
  • Karmic Benefits: Believed to improve one's karma and life circumstances.
The consistent practice of these rituals during Janaki Jayanti is said to invite grace into one's life, paving the way for blessings and prosperity. This aligns with the broader Hindu belief that devotion and meticulousness in observances, such as the Navratri Puja, are key to receiving divine favor.


As we conclude our exploration of Janaki Navami and Sita Jayanti 2024, we are reminded of the profound cultural and spiritual significance these observances hold in Hindu tradition.

Celebrated with great reverence and devotion, these occasions mark the birth of Goddess Sita, an embodiment of virtue and fidelity.

The meticulous puja vidhi, auspicious timings, and sacred mantras associated with these festivities not only honor the divine legacy of Sita but also aim to bestow blessings of marital bliss and prosperity upon the devotees.

Whether you are participating in the rituals, fasting, or simply reflecting on the teachings of Sita, Janaki Navami and Sita Jayanti offer a moment to connect with the divine and seek spiritual enrichment.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the date of Janaki Navami or Sita Jayanti in 2024?

Janaki Navami or Sita Jayanti in 2024 will be observed on March 4th.

What is the significance of Tithi in Janaki Jayanti?

Tithi refers to the lunar day in the Hindu calendar. In Janaki Jayanti, the celebration is held on the Ashtami Tithi of the Krishna Paksha in the month of Phalguna, which is considered auspicious for honoring Goddess Sita.

Can you explain the Puja Vidhi for Janaki Jayanti?

The Puja Vidhi for Janaki Jayanti involves ritualistic worship of Goddess Sita, including offerings, chanting mantras, and meditating. The specific steps may vary regionally but generally include invoking the goddess, offering flowers and fruits, and performing aarti.

Are there any specific mantras to be recited during Janaki Jayanti Puja?

Yes, specific mantras dedicated to Goddess Sita and Lord Rama are recited during the puja. Devotees often chant the Sita-Rama Stotra and other Vedic hymns to seek blessings.

What is the Shubh Muhurat for Janaki Jayanti Puja in 2024?

The Shubh Muhurat for Janaki Jayanti Puja in 2024 begins on March 3rd at 08:44 AM and ends on March 4th at 08:49 AM, with the main puja typically performed during the auspicious period on March 4th.

Are there any regional variations in the observance of Janaki Jayanti?

Yes, regional variations exist in the observance of Janaki Jayanti. Different communities may have unique rituals, timings, and customs based on local traditions and interpretations of the scriptures.

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