Govardhan Puja 2024: Date, Mahurat Timing, Importance

Govardhan Puja, celebrated just after Diwali, is a revered festival in Hindu tradition, commemorating Lord Krishna's victory over the god Indra.

As we look forward to Govardhan Puja in 2024, understanding its date, auspicious timings, and significance is crucial for devotees who wish to partake in the celebrations.

This article provides insights into the mahurat timing, the historical and cultural importance of the festival, the ritual practices involved, and the diverse regional celebrations across India.

Key Takeaways

  • Govardhan Puja in 2024 will be observed on Saturday, November 2nd, following the grand celebrations of Diwali on November 1st.
  • The festival commemorates the day Lord Krishna lifted Govardhan Hill to protect the villagers of Vrindavan from torrential rains.
  • Auspicious timings for the puja, known as mahurat, are determined according to the Hindu calendar and are essential for performing the rituals.
  • Govardhan Puja involves various rituals and practices, including the preparation of a variety of foods to offer to Lord Krishna as a mark of gratitude.
  • The festival is celebrated with regional variations, reflecting India's cultural diversity, with community festivities and fairs marking the occasion.

Govardhan Puja 2024: Date and Mahurat Timing

Significance of the Date

Govardhan Puja, celebrated just a day after Diwali, holds a special place in the Hindu calendar.

It marks the day when Lord Krishna lifted the Govardhan Hill to protect the people of Vrindavan from torrential rains caused by Lord Indra's wrath. This event symbolizes the victory of good over evil and the importance of divine protection.

The date of Govardhan Puja is based on the Vikram Samvat Hindu calendar and is observed on the Pratipada Tithi of the month of Kartik.

In 2024, this auspicious day falls in the month of November, closely following the grandeur of Diwali festivities.

The celebration of Govardhan Puja is a reminder of the enduring faith in divine grace and the power of community unity in the face of adversity.

Auspicious Timings for Puja

The Govardhan Puja in 2024 will be celebrated on November 2, which is a Saturday. This day marks the occasion of Kartika, Shukla Pratipada, following the day of Diwali. The auspicious timings, or 'Muhurat', for performing the Govardhan Puja rituals are considered vital for attaining the full benefits of the ceremony.

The following table outlines the key Muhurat timings for Govardhan Puja 2024:

Muhurat Start Time End Time
Abhijit Muhurat 11:36 AM 12:24 PM
Amritsiddhi Yoga 06:25 AM 08:02 AM
Ravi Yoga 06:25 AM 10:52 AM


It is recommended to Perform Bhoomi Pujan with the 'Bhoomi Pujan Mantra' during these times to ensure success and prosperity. For personalized guidance, it is advisable to consult with experts who can provide insights based on astrology.

After the completion of the puja, maintaining a positive mindset is crucial for continued prosperity. The energy and intent put forth during the rituals are believed to have a lasting impact.

The Importance of Govardhan Puja in Hindu Tradition

Historical Background

The historical roots of Govardhan Puja are deeply embedded in Hindu mythology, particularly in the tales of Lord Krishna.

It is believed that on this day, Krishna lifted the Govardhan Hill to provide shelter to the villagers of Vrindavan from torrential rains caused by the wrath of the god Indra. This act symbolizes the divine protection offered by the deities and the victory of humility and devotion over pride and anger.

The celebration of Govardhan Puja is a reflection of the enduring legacy of these ancient narratives, which continue to inspire devotion and gratitude in the hearts of the faithful.

The festival also marks a historical connection with the agrarian society of India, as it coincides with the harvest season. It is a time when farmers give thanks for the bounty of their crops and pray for future prosperity. The following list highlights the key aspects of Govardhan Puja's historical significance:

  • A commemoration of Lord Krishna's miraculous deeds.
  • A symbol of the triumph of good over evil.
  • An expression of gratitude for the harvest.
  • A unifying event that strengthens community bonds.

Cultural Significance

Govardhan Puja, as part of the broader Diwali festival, is deeply rooted in the cultural fabric of India, reflecting the country's rich tapestry of traditions and beliefs.

It symbolizes the collective spirit of thanksgiving and reverence for nature, which is central to many Indian festivities. The festival's cultural significance is multifaceted, encompassing themes of unity, prosperity, and the triumph of good over evil.

  • Unity: The festival brings together people from various walks of life, fostering a sense of community and collective celebration.
  • Prosperity: It marks the end of the harvest season, offering gratitude for the bounty of the land.
  • Triumph: Govardhan Puja epitomizes the victory of divine protection over destructive forces, as depicted in the legend of Lord Krishna lifting the Govardhan Hill.
The celebration of Govardhan Puja is a vibrant expression of India's enduring cultural ethos, where ancient traditions seamlessly blend with contemporary practices to create a dynamic and inclusive festival experience.

Rituals and Practices

Govardhan Puja is marked by a series of rituals and practices that are rich in symbolism and tradition.

Homes are adorned with rangolis and mandalas, intricate floor patterns that are believed to welcome deities and bring good fortune. The creation of these designs is not only an artistic endeavor but also a spiritual one, as it sets the tone for the sacredness of the celebrations.

Bonfires are lit in certain communities, symbolizing the burning of negativity and the ushering in of light and positivity. This is followed by the enjoyment of sweets and delicacies, which are an integral part of the festivities.

The main day of Govardhan Puja coincides with the peak of Diwali celebrations, dedicated to Goddess Lakshmi, the giver of prosperity.

The rituals performed during Govardhan Puja foster a sense of community and shared spirituality, as families and friends come together to participate in the prayers and worship.

The following list outlines the key rituals and practices observed during Govardhan Puja:

  • Cleaning and decoration of homes to welcome Goddess Lakshmi
  • Creation of rangolis and mandalas at the entrance of homes
  • Lighting of bonfires to symbolize the destruction of evil
  • Offering prayers to Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha
  • Exchange of gifts and sweets among loved ones

Each of these practices holds a special meaning and contributes to the overall spirit of the festival.

How to Perform Govardhan Puja

Preparation for the Puja

Preparing for Govardhan Puja is a process that embodies purity and devotion. The first step is to clean the space where the puja will be conducted.

This is not just a physical cleansing, but also a symbolic act to purify the environment for the divine presence. After cleaning, the next phase is to set up the altar. This involves arranging the idols of Lord Krishna, Govardhan Hill, and sometimes, the cow, which are central to the puja.

The altar is adorned with flowers, incense, and lamps, creating an atmosphere conducive to worship and reflection.

The preparation also includes gathering all the necessary items for the rituals. These typically consist of:

  • A picture or idol of Lord Krishna
  • Cow dung or mud to create a replica of Govardhan Hill
  • Flowers and Tulsi leaves for offering
  • Incense sticks and a lamp for Aarti
  • Sweets and food items to be offered as Prasad

Each element of the preparation is infused with the intention to honor and remember the teachings of Lord Krishna, as well as to seek blessings for spiritual energy, health, and prosperity.

Step-by-Step Ritual Process

The Govardhan Puja ritual process is a series of deliberate and meaningful actions designed to honor and give thanks to Lord Krishna for his protection and blessings.

The process begins with the preparation of a small hillock made of cow dung, which symbolizes the Govardhan Hill lifted by Lord Krishna. Devotees then perform Parikrama, circumambulating the hill while chanting prayers and singing hymns.

The ritual continues with the offering of a variety of food items, which are collectively known as Annakoot, to the deity. This symbolizes the massive offering of food by the villagers to Lord Krishna during the original Govardhan Puja. The food is later distributed among the participants as Prasad, signifying the sharing of blessings and abundance.

Following the offerings, devotees engage in Aarti, the waving of lamps in front of the deity, accompanied by devotional songs. This act represents the light of spirituality dispelling the darkness of ignorance. The ritual concludes with devotees receiving blessings and sharing the joyous occasion with family and friends.

Prayers and Offerings

During Govardhan Puja, devotees engage in heartfelt prayers and offerings to express gratitude and seek blessings.

The prayers are directed towards Lord Krishna, commemorating his act of lifting the Govardhan Hill to protect the villagers from torrential rains. Offerings typically include a variety of traditional sweets, fresh flowers, and elaborately prepared vegetarian dishes.

The offerings are laid out before the deity in a ritualistic manner, often accompanied by the chanting of mantras and devotional songs. It is believed that these offerings please the deities and bring about good fortune and prosperity in the lives of the worshippers.

The essence of Govardhan Puja lies in the humility and devotion of the offerings, reflecting the spiritual richness of the tradition.

Regional Variations and Celebrations

Govardhan Puja Across India

Govardhan Puja, while celebrated throughout India, exhibits a rich tapestry of regional variations that reflect the diverse cultural landscape of the country.

In Western India, the festival is intertwined with the legend of Lord Vishnu and the demon King Bali, marking a day of reverence for the Preserver's act of banishing evil to the nether world. Conversely, Eastern India, particularly Bengal, diverges by honoring Goddess Kali, showcasing the multifaceted nature of the celebration.

  • Northern India often associates Govardhan Puja with the narrative of Lord Rama's return to Ayodhya, symbolizing the triumph of light over darkness.
  • In contrast, Southern India typically commemorates Lord Krishna's victory over the demon Narakasura, reflecting regional mythological preferences.
The essence of Govardhan Puja is the celebration of divine protection and the victory of good over evil, a theme that resonates across different states, each adding their unique cultural inflections to the festivities.

Unique Traditions in Different States

Across the diverse landscape of India, Govardhan Puja is celebrated with unique local flavors that reflect the rich cultural tapestry of the country. In the southern states, the festival is often marked by the creation of elaborate rangolis and mandalas at the entrance of homes, inviting prosperity and good fortune.

In the north, particularly in Uttar Pradesh where the festival has its historical roots, the day is celebrated with great fervor. Here, devotees often create replicas of the Govardhan hill using cow dung, which are then adorned with flowers and worshipped.

The essence of Govardhan Puja lies in its ability to adapt to local customs while maintaining its core significance of gratitude and reverence towards nature.

West Bengal has a distinct tradition where Govardhan Puja coincides with the worship of Goddess Annakut, and the day is celebrated with a grand feast. In contrast, in states like Gujarat, the day is more associated with the beginning of a new year, and is a time for family reunions and exchange of gifts.

  • Maharashtra sees the making of 'chappan bhog' or a spread of fifty-six delicacies offered to Lord Krishna.
  • In Tamil Nadu, the focus is on preparing and sharing sweets and savories with neighbors and friends, symbolizing communal harmony and sharing of blessings.

Community Festivities and Fairs

Govardhan Puja brings with it a wave of communal harmony and joy, as people across various regions of India come together to celebrate. The night sky is often ablaze with colorful fireworks, creating a festive atmosphere that embodies the triumph of good over evil.

  • Rangolis and Mandalas: Homes and public spaces are beautified with vibrant rangolis and mandalas, inviting positivity and prosperity.
  • Bonfires and Sweets: Symbolic bonfires are lit in many communities, representing the burning away of negativity, followed by the sharing of sweets and festive treats.
  • Cultural Performances: Traditional dances, music, and dramas are staged, showcasing the rich cultural tapestry of the region.
The essence of Govardhan Puja is reflected in the unity and enthusiasm of the community celebrations, where every individual, regardless of age or background, partakes in the festivities with equal fervor.


Govardhan Puja, celebrated on November 2nd, 2024, is a day of reverence and gratitude, marking the triumph of Lord Krishna over the pride of Indra.

It is a time when communities come together to honor the sacred Govardhan Hill and remember the divine protection provided to the people of Vrindavan. As part of the five-day Diwali festivities, Govardhan Puja holds a special place in the hearts of devotees.

It is not just a cultural tradition but a spiritual practice that reinforces the values of humility, devotion, and the importance of nature in our lives.

Whether you participate in the elaborate rituals, prepare the traditional offerings, or simply reflect on the legends associated with this auspicious day, Govardhan Puja 2024 offers a unique opportunity to connect with the divine and celebrate the eternal message of love and protection bestowed by Lord Krishna.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the date of Govardhan Puja in 2024?

Govardhan Puja in 2024 will be celebrated on Saturday, November 2nd.

What is the significance of Govardhan Puja?

Govardhan Puja commemorates the day when Lord Krishna lifted the Govardhan Hill to protect the villagers of Vrindavan from torrential rains, symbolizing the victory of good over evil and the importance of nature in Hindu tradition.

How is Govardhan Puja related to Diwali?

Govardhan Puja is celebrated the day after Diwali, which is the Festival of Lights. Diwali symbolizes the victory of light over darkness and knowledge over ignorance.

Are there any specific rituals associated with Govardhan Puja?

Yes, Govardhan Puja involves various rituals such as creating a mound of cow dung or dirt to symbolize Govardhan Hill, decorating it with flowers, and offering prayers and food to Lord Krishna.

Does Govardhan Puja have any regional variations in India?

Yes, Govardhan Puja is celebrated with different customs and traditions across various regions of India. Some regions have unique rituals, community festivities, and fairs associated with the celebration.

What are the auspicious timings (Mahurat) for performing Govardhan Puja in 2024?

The auspicious timings for Govardhan Puja are typically based on the Hindu lunar calendar and vary each year. For the precise Mahurat in 2024, it is recommended to consult a Hindu calendar or a local priest closer to the date.

Back to blog