Diwali Puja Vidhi for Home: A Comprehensive Guide

Diwali, also known as Deepavali, is one of the most cherished festivals in Hindu culture, symbolizing the victory of light over darkness and good over evil.
This festival of lights is celebrated with great enthusiasm and devotion across India and by Hindus worldwide.

Central to Diwali celebrations is the Diwali Puja, which is performed to invite prosperity, happiness, and health into the home.

This comprehensive guide will walk you through the detailed procedure (vidhi) for performing Diwali Puja at home, ensuring you follow the traditional rituals to make your festivities auspicious and fulfilling.

Preparation for Diwali Puja

Before diving into the detailed steps of the Diwali Puja, it's crucial to prepare adequately. The preparation itself is a significant part of the ritual and helps in creating a sacred and welcoming environment for the deities.

Cleaning the Home:

Cleanliness is paramount during Diwali. It is believed that Goddess Lakshmi, the deity of wealth and prosperity, visits the cleanest houses first. Thoroughly clean every corner of your home, including living spaces, kitchens, and especially the puja area.

Decorating the Home:

Decorate your home with rangoli (traditional floor art), flowers, and lights. Use vibrant colors and intricate designs for the rangoli at the entrance to welcome the deities.

Adorn the entrance and interiors with marigold flowers and mango leaves. String lights (diyas and fairy lights) are also a must to brighten up the house.

Setting Up the Puja Altar:

Choose a clean, quiet corner of your home to set up the puja altar. Spread a clean, preferably red or yellow cloth on a raised platform.

Place idols or pictures of Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha on the altar. If possible, include a Kalash (a sacred pot filled with water and topped with mango leaves and a coconut) as it signifies abundance and prosperity.

Collecting Puja Samagri (Items)

Gather all the necessary items required for the puja.

Complete Diwali Puja Samagri List

Diwali Puja Vidhi (Procedure)

With the preparations complete, you are ready to perform the Diwali Puja. Follow these steps meticulously to ensure a harmonious and devout ceremony.

Purification of Self and Space:



Begin by taking a bath and wearing clean, preferably new clothes. White, yellow, or red colors are considered auspicious for the occasion.
Sprinkle holy water (Ganga Jal) around the puja area to purify the space.

Sankalp (Taking the Vow):

Sit facing east or north, and take a vow (sankalp) to perform the puja with devotion and sincerity. Hold some rice, flowers, and a few drops of water in your hand while making the vow.

Invocation of Lord Ganesha:


Light a lamp and incense sticks to begin the puja.

Place a small idol or picture of Lord Ganesha in front of you. Offer fresh flowers, rice, and sweets to the deity.

Chant the Ganesh mantra: "Om Gan Ganapataye Namah" to invoke his blessings for a successful and obstacle-free puja.

Kalash Sthapana (Establishing the Sacred Pot):



Fill the Kalash with water and place mango leaves around its mouth.
Place a coconut wrapped in a red cloth on top of the Kalash. This Kalash is a representation of abundance and invites positive energies.

Lakshmi Puja:



Place the idol or picture of Goddess Lakshmi in the center of the altar.

Offer fresh flowers, especially red roses or marigolds, to the deity.

Prepare the Panchamrit and offer it to the goddess. You can also offer sweets, fruits, and dry fruits.

Apply tilak (a mark) of turmeric and kumkum to the idol and sprinkle a few grains of rice over it.

Light a diya filled with ghee and place it in front of the deity. Offer incense and dhoop.
Recite Lakshmi mantras, such as "Om Shreem Mahalakshmiyei Namah," to invoke the goddess's blessings.

Offering Wealth:


Place coins and currency notes in front of the idol of Goddess Lakshmi. These represent your wealth and are offered to seek her blessings for financial prosperity.

Performing Aarti:



Perform the aarti by waving a lit diya in a circular motion in front of the deities. Sing devotional songs or aarti dedicated to Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha.
Ring a small bell and blow a conch shell if available, to create a divine atmosphere.


Prasad Distribution:


Distribute the prasad (blessed food) among family members. This includes the sweets, fruits, and Panchamrit offered during the puja.

Benefits of Performing Diwali Puja

Performing Diwali Puja brings numerous spiritual and material benefits. Here are some key advantages:

Spiritual Cleansing:


Diwali Puja purifies the home and the mind, driving away negative energies and bringing in positive vibrations. The rituals performed during the puja cleanse the environment, making it conducive for spiritual growth and inner peace.


Invoking Prosperity:



Worshipping Goddess Lakshmi is believed to attract wealth and prosperity. The rituals are designed to please the deity and ensure financial stability and growth. By performing the puja with devotion, devotees seek the blessings of Lakshmi for abundance and success in their endeavors.

Removing Obstacles:


By invoking Lord Ganesha, devotees seek the removal of obstacles from their lives, ensuring smooth progress in personal and professional endeavors. Ganesha, known as Vighnaharta (remover of obstacles), is revered for his ability to clear hurdles and bring good fortune.

Strengthening Family Bonds:


Performing the puja together fosters unity and harmony within the family. It provides an opportunity to come together, pray, and celebrate, strengthening familial bonds. The shared experience of devotion and ritual creates lasting memories and a sense of belonging.

Enhancing Devotion and Discipline:


The meticulous process of performing the puja enhances devotion and instills discipline. It encourages a spiritual routine that can be beneficial for mental and emotional well-being. Regular practice of rituals and prayers deepens one's connection with the divine and promotes a balanced life.


Diwali Puja is a vital aspect of the Diwali festival, filled with spiritual significance and cultural traditions. By carefully following the puja vidhi and using the appropriate samagri, devotees can ensure that their prayers reach the deities and bring blessings into their lives.

The benefits of performing Diwali Puja extend beyond material gains, enriching spiritual lives, enhancing family unity, and fostering a sense of peace and contentment.

Celebrating Diwali with devotion and traditional rituals not only honors the deities but also keeps alive the rich cultural heritage passed down through generations.

This comprehensive guide aims to help you perform the Diwali Puja at home with sincerity and dedication, making your Diwali celebrations truly special and blessed.

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