12 Jyotirlinga Names And Places: A Divine Pilgrimage

The 12 Jyotirlingas hold a special place in Hinduism as they are considered the most sacred abodes of Lord Shiva. These Jyotirlingas are spread across India, and each has its unique significance and history.

Devotees believe that visiting these holy shrines can absolve sins and grant spiritual enlightenment. In this blog, we will explore the names and places of the 12 Jyotirlingas, delving into their historical and spiritual importance.

1. Somnath Jyotirlinga - Gujarat

Location: Prabhas Patan, near Veraval in Saurashtra, Gujarat

The Somnath Jyotirlinga is the first among the 12 Jyotirlingas and is located in the western state of Gujarat. It is believed to have been built by the Moon God, Som (Chandra), after being cursed by his father-in-law.

Somnath has been destroyed and rebuilt several times throughout history, symbolizing resilience and divine power. The current temple structure, rebuilt in the Chalukya style, stands as a testament to enduring faith.

2. Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga - Andhra Pradesh

Location: Srisailam, Andhra Pradesh

Situated on the Nallamala hills, Mallikarjuna Jyotirlinga is also known as Srisaila Mallikarjuna Swamy. This temple is not only significant for its Jyotirlinga but also as one of the 18 Shakti Peethas.

The temple is associated with the legend of Shiva and Parvati descending to Srisailam to bless their devotees. The serene environment and the divine aura make it a prominent pilgrimage site.

3. Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga - Madhya Pradesh

Location: Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh

Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, located in the ancient city of Ujjain, is renowned for its unique feature where the idol of Lord Shiva faces south (Dakshinamukhi).

This Jyotirlinga is believed to be Swayambhu, meaning it has originated on its own. The temple is famous for its Bhasma Aarti, a ritual performed with sacred ash. Ujjain is also an important center for the Kumbh Mela, attracting millions of devotees.

4. Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga - Madhya Pradesh

Location: Mandhata Island, Khandwa district, Madhya Pradesh

Omkareshwar Jyotirlinga is located on the serene Mandhata Island in the Narmada River. The island is naturally shaped like the sacred 'Om' symbol, adding to its spiritual significance.

The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva as Omkareshwar and Amaleshwar. Pilgrims visit this holy site to experience the divine energy and tranquility of the island.

5. Kedarnath Jyotirlinga - Uttarakhand

Location: Kedarnath, Uttarakhand

Kedarnath Jyotirlinga is one of the most revered Jyotirlingas and is situated at a high altitude in the Himalayas. It is also one of the Char Dhams and Panch Kedar pilgrimage sites.

The temple is accessible only during specific months due to harsh weather conditions. The journey to Kedarnath is considered arduous, but devotees undertake it with immense devotion to seek Lord Shiva's blessings.

6. Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga - Maharashtra

Location: Pune district, Maharashtra

Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga is located in the Sahyadri hills near Pune. This temple is associated with the legend of the demon Tripurasura, who was defeated by Lord Shiva in his Bhima form.

The temple is surrounded by lush greenery and wildlife, offering a peaceful retreat for devotees. Bhimashankar is also the source of the Bhima River, which flows southeast and joins the Krishna River.

7. Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga - Uttar Pradesh

Location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh

Kashi Vishwanath Jyotirlinga is located in the holy city of Varanasi, also known as Kashi. This temple is one of the most famous Jyotirlingas and holds immense spiritual significance.

It is believed that visiting this temple and performing rituals here can grant liberation (Moksha). The temple has been a beacon of Hindu faith and has stood the test of time, despite various invasions and destructions.

8. Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga - Maharashtra

Location: Trimbak, Nashik district, Maharashtra

Trimbakeshwar Jyotirlinga is located near the source of the Godavari River in Trimbak. The unique feature of this temple is the presence of three lingas representing Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva.

The temple is also associated with the legend of the sage Gautama and the origins of the Godavari River. Trimbakeshwar is an important place for performing various rituals, including the Narayan Nagbali puja.

9. Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga - Jharkhand

Location: Deoghar, Jharkhand

Vaidyanath Jyotirlinga, also known as Baidyanath Dham, is located in Deoghar, Jharkhand. The temple is linked with the legend of the demon king Ravana, who is said to have worshipped Lord Shiva here to gain invincibility.

The name 'Vaidyanath' signifies 'the Lord of physicians,' as it is believed that Lord Shiva assumed the form of a doctor (Vaidya) to heal devotees. The temple attracts a large number of pilgrims, especially during the Shravana month.

10. Nageshwar Jyotirlinga - Gujarat

Location: Dwarka, Gujarat

Nageshwar Jyotirlinga is located near Dwarka in Gujarat. This temple is associated with the legend of the demon Daruka, who was defeated by Lord Shiva in the form of Nageshwar.

The Jyotirlinga is believed to protect devotees from all kinds of poisons. The temple is situated on the scenic coast of the Saurashtra region and offers a tranquil environment for worshippers.

11. Rameshwar Jyotirlinga - Tamil Nadu

Location: Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu

Rameshwar Jyotirlinga is located on the island of Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu. It is also one of the Char Dhams. The temple is believed to have been consecrated by Lord Rama after his victory over Ravana.

Devotees take a holy dip in the 22 sacred wells (theerthams) within the temple complex, each with its unique significance. The temple's intricate architecture and spiritual ambiance make it a significant pilgrimage site.

12. Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga - Maharashtra

Location: Ellora, Aurangabad district, Maharashtra

Grishneshwar Jyotirlinga is situated near the famous Ellora Caves in Maharashtra. This temple is also known as Ghushmeshwar or Dhushmeshwar. It is the smallest Jyotirlinga temple but holds immense spiritual significance.

The temple is associated with the legend of a devout woman named Kusuma, whose prayers brought her dead son back to life with Lord Shiva's blessings. Grishneshwar is the last of the 12 Jyotirlingas and is an important site for devotees seeking divine blessings.


The 12 Jyotirlingas represent the most sacred abodes of Lord Shiva, each with its unique legends, history, and spiritual significance.

Pilgrims from all over the world visit these holy shrines to seek the blessings of Lord Shiva and attain spiritual enlightenment.

The journey to these Jyotirlingas is not just a physical pilgrimage but a profound spiritual experience that strengthens one's faith and devotion.

Visiting these Jyotirlingas provides a deeper understanding of Hindu mythology and the rich cultural heritage of India.

Each temple offers a unique glimpse into the divine presence of Lord Shiva and the eternal power of faith. Embark on this divine pilgrimage to experience the spiritual bliss and tranquility that these sacred sites offer.

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